Applied Theology

A Study of the Christian's Responsibility toward Civil Government. Romans 13:1-7

"Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities." Romans 13:1a

The Christian and Government
Romans 13:1-7

1. We are commanded to submit to the government. (Rom. 13:1a)

    • "Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities."
    • This includes (in America), our Federal Government, our State Government, our County Government, and, where applicable, our Municipal Government.
2. There are reasons to submit... (Rom. 13:1b)
    • "For there is no authority except from God,"
    • "and those which exist are established by God."
3. What if someone does not submit? (Rom. 13:2)
    • "Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God;
    • "and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves."
4. Understand how governments work. (Rom. 13:3-4a)
    • "For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil."
    • "Do you want to have no fear of authority?"
    • "Do what is good and you will have praise from the same"
    • "For it is a minister of God to you for good."
5. If you do evil... (Rom. 13:4b)
    • "But if you do what is evil,"
    • "be afraid;"
    • "for it does not bear the sword for nothing;"
    • "for it is a minister of God,"
    • "an avenger who brings wrath"
    • "on the one who practices evil."
6. The conclusion (Rom. 13:5)
    • "Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection,"
    • "not only because of wrath,"
    • "but also for conscience' sake."
7. Pay your taxes. (Rom. 13:6)
    • "For because of this you also pay taxes,"
    • "for rulers are servants of God,"
    • "devoting themselves to this very thing."
8. Render to all their due. (Rom. 13:7)
    • "Render to all what is due them:
    • "tax to whom tax is due;"
    • "custom to whom custom;"
    • "fear to whom fear;"
    • "honor to whom honor."

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(Scripture quotation taken from the NASB.)

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Updated July 7, 2020