by James T. Bartsch

"16 God made the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was goodIn the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth." Genesis 1:16-18

Artist's conception of the Milky Way Galaxy

by John Hartnett


     The cosmological general relativity of Carmeli can explain the expansion of the accelerating universe without the need to resort to dark matter. By making a reasonable assumption about the dependence of matter density on redshift, it is shown that dark matter can be eliminated completely from the universe. As in past centuries, dark matter has been invoked to account for motions that could not be explained with the then-known laws of physics. General Relativity was applied to the motion of the planets to solve the riddle of the advance of the perihelion of Mercury.1 There still remains the alleged dark matter found in halos around spiral galaxies. That is outside the scope of this paper, but Milgrom’s MOND27 is a good empirical fit28 and Carmeli’s new equations of motion offer a solution there also.29

     The modified field equations used by Carmeli describe a universe that would be expected from a reading of the Bible. That is, a galactocentric universe—the Milky Way galaxy being at the centre of the universe. The equations don’t explicitly involve a dark energy or a cosmological constant term, but they describe the present visible universe very well. They tell us the universe is accelerating and an extrapolation describes a state in the past where the universe was given a big push to expand out to its present locations. The cosmological constant, or dark energy, really describes a property of space-velocity. The big push was God, but through the agency of the fabric of space itself. He is the unseen force in the universe. God designed the original creation in a state such that it would naturally expand, relaxing the fabric of space itself like an uncoiling spring.

(Scripture quotation taken from the NASB.)

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Posted January 6, 2021