Eschatology, the Study of Last Things

by James T. Bartsch

The Nature of the Rapture

16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17

Nine Reasons Why Belief in a
Post-Tribulation Rapture Is Not Credible

by James T. Bartsch, WordExplain

Reason 7. Terminology

A Post-Tribulation Rapture Confuses the "Day of the Lord" with Christ's "Parousia"

7. Terminology. A Post-Tribulation Rapture is not credible because it confuses "the Day of the LORD" with Christ's parousia

    To me, one of the biggest mistakes that Post-Tribulationists make is to assume that "the day of the Lord" (1 Thess. 5:2; 2 Thess. 2:2) and the event we call the Rapture (1 Thess. 4:13-18; 2 Thess. 2:1) are one and the same. That is to say, they equate the Day of the Lord (1 Thess. 5:2; 2 Thess. 2:2) with "the coming (parousia, 3952) of the Lord" (1 Thess. 4:15; 2 Thess. 2:1). Let me give you an example of what I am saying. Craig Blomberg (pp. 80, 81) writes concerning the parousia (2 Thess. 2:2) as follows:

What is crucial to the present discussion is that Paul is announcing these coming events to reassure the Thessalonians that they have not missed the parousia (2:2), as some were falsely claiming, perhaps believing that Christ's second coming was entirely invisible and spiritual in some fashion. Had Paul believd in, and previously taught the Thessalonians about, a pretribulational rapture, all he would have had to do was remind them that they had not yet been caught up to meet the Lord in the air. And if they somehow feared that not a single member of their fledgling church was a true Christian, he could have simply stressed that no one anywhere had yet been raptured.

    But Blomberg completely misidentifies the concern of the Thessalonians which Paul here addresses. The Thessalonians were not concerned that they had missed the parousia. They knew Christ had not yet come, because they were still on earth! What they were concerned about was that somehow they had misinterpreted Paul's teaching or that Paul had been inaccurate. They had been taught by Paul that Christ's coming (His parousia) would precede the Tribulation (the Day of the Lord). But now, they were encountering so much persecution they were beginning to conclude that they were already in the Day of the Lord -- the Tribulation was upon them! In effect, the troubles they were going through convinced them that they were already in the Tribulation, and that the Rapture of which Paul had spoken was, after all, a Post-Tribulation Rapture, not a Pre-Tribulation Rapture.

    The problem is that Blomberg, along with other Post-Tribulationists, makes three mistakes. (1) He fails to recognize that the eschatological parousia of Christ will eventuate in two stages, not one. (2) He assumes that the parousia is identical with the Day of the Lord. (3) He incorrectly identifies the alarm of the Thessalonians. He believes they were alarmed because they had missed the parousia. That is not what Paul said. He identified their fear as being grounded in the misperception that the Day of the Lord, that is, the Tribulation, had already begun (2 Thess. 2:2). So Paul goes into a fairly extensive explanation to correct their false belief -- not that they had missed the Rapture, but rather their false belief that they were already in the Tribulation. He goes on to demonstrate conclusively that the Day of the Lord (i.e. the Tribulation) could not possibly have begun yet because a series of events had not yet occurred (2 Thess. 2:3-12). In other words, Paul was trying to protect the Thessalonians from the very view that Blomberg espouses, namely, that the Tribulation will occur before the Rapture

Prepared by James T. Bartsch

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Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE , Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by the Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. (

(Scripture quotations taken from the NASB.)

Originally and Partially Published July 10, 2013

Updated May 15, 2015

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