Talk about a
To even begin to answer this question, we must first ask some related
What is Zion?
historical basis, Zion, so-called, was the fortified city within
containing the residence of the Jewish king and the Mount on which it
situated. Before that, however, it was the major fortified area of a
called Jebus, whose invasion-resistant inhabitants were called
Jebusite people are identified with Jerusalem (Josh. 15:8, 63;
18:28; Judges 1:21; 2 Sam. 5:6;
24:16; 1 Chron. 11:4; 21:15; 2 Chron. 3:1).
were identified in early Post-Flood history as being descendants of
son of Ham, the son of Noah (Gen. 10:1, 6,
15-16). In Jewish
Patriarchal history, Yahweh
unilaterally covenanted with Abraham to give to his descendants the
extending from the River of Egypt to the great river, the river
Euphrates (Gen. 15:7-18). This land was
further identified as being inhabited by the
Kenite, the Kennizites, the Kadmonite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the
the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Girgashite, and the Jebusite (Gen. 15:19-21). It was within
God’s Sovereign right to grant the land of Canaan
to whatever nation He chose. But morality played a significant role.
predicted to Abram that his people would be enslaved in a country for
hundred years, but that in the “fourth generation” they would return to the
land of Canaan, for, God said, “the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet
complete” (Gen. 15:13-16). Doubtless, God
eyes the evil and sin of a nation. When that
nation or group of nations reaches a certain threshold of evil, God
in an enemy nation or nations to destroy and conquer it or them as a
is precisely what happened when God authorized Israel to
conquer Canaan initially. This has always been true and will continue
true until the Prince of Peace quells all rebellion on the earth (Isa. 9:1-7;
in the era of Moses, God authorized Israel to
invade and conquer the territory of the Jebusites and other Canaanite
peoples (Ex. 3:8, 17;
13:5; 23:23; 33:2; 34:11; Num.
13:29; Deut. 7:1; 20:17). When Israel entered
Canaan, Joshua expected to conquer the Jebusites along with the other
landholders (Josh. 3:9-10).
Understandably, the Jebusites, in league with other Canaanite
nations, resisted Israel’s advance (Josh. 9:1-2;
11:1-5). While the sons
of Israel, with
God’s aid, largely succeeded in dislodging the inhabitants of Canaan (Josh. 12:8; 15:8;
18:16, 28; 24:11), they were at
first unsuccessful in evicting
the Jebusites from Jerusalem proper (Josh. 15:63;
Judges 1:21; 3:5; 19:10-11).
much success in resisting Israel’s previous
advances, the people of Jebus were cocky, confident of their ability to
off any efforts of King David (2 Sam. 5:6).
Notwithstanding, David and his men successfully entered the city
through a water tunnel and captured it. David occupied the stronghold
(the fortress of the now conquered Jebusites), and it became known as
of David. Clearly the LORD God of hosts (troops) was with David in this
venture (2 Sam. 5:7-10). The passage of
2 Samuel 5:6-10 is important
because it ties together in one
narrative the terms Jerusalem, Jebusites, and Zion.
time of David onward, Zion has been essentially a reference to
Jerusalem. The Old
Testament refers to Zion on several levels:
1) It refers to a
Zion, 2537 feet in elevation (Dictionary
of the Bible by William
Smith, Horatio Balch Hackett, Ezra Abbot, pp.
2:6; 48:1-2, 11; 74:2; 78:68; 87:1-2; 125:1).
2) It refers to a
city, Jerusalem (Psalm
48:2, 12-13; 51:18; 69:35; 87:2-3, 5; 102:21; 128:5; 135:21; 147:12).
3) It refers to
the dwelling place of
God. Though the Temple Mount is actually on Mount Moriah, to the east
than Mount Zion, the general area and Jerusalem are said to be the city
and His dwelling place (Psalm
9:11; 20:2-3; 74:2-3; 76:2; 78:68-69; 84:7; 87:2-3; 132:13-14; 134:1-3;
4) In an even
broader sense, Zion
refers to the tribe of Judah (Psalm
48:11; 69:35; 78:68) and even the
nation of Israel as a whole
60:14; Zech. 9:13).
5) In its
ultimate sense, according to
the New Testament, Zion refers to the city of New
located in heaven (Heb.
12:22-23; Rev. 14:1), but in
eternity, the capital city which
comes down out of heaven to New
3:12; 21:2, 10). It is my
belief that New Jerusalem is so high in
because it contains heavenly Mount Zion.
What is Zionism?
as an ideology, is the belief that Jewish people have the right to a
homeland, the land of Israel (Heb. Eretz Yisra’el).
as a political movement, gained momentum when the Austrian Jewish
Nathan Birnbaum coined the term “Zionism” circa 1890. The 28th
Zionist Congress met in Jerusalem in 1968 and adopted five
points as the aims of Zionism. They
are as follows:
unity of the Jewish people and the centrality of Israel in Jewish life;
ingathering of the Jewish People in its historic homeland, Eretz Israel,
through Aliyah from all
strengthening of the State of Israel
which is based on the prophetic vision of justice and peace;
preservation of the identity of the Jewish People through the fostering
Jewish and Hebrew education and of Jewish spiritual and cultural values;
protection of Jewish rights everywhere.
is my own definition of Biblical Zionism, based upon my understanding
people have the God-given right of their own national homeland. The
of this truth is the promise God made to Abram (later Abraham) and his
descendants (Gen. 12:1-3). God reaffirmed
His commitment to
Abraham and his descendants on several occasions (Gen. 13:14-17;
land is the Old Testament land of Canaan. Its boundaries, as promised
Abraham by God in His unilateral, unconditional covenant with Abraham
to his descendants in Genesis 15:7-21, stretch from
the River of Egypt in
the Southwest clear to the Euphrates River in the Northeast.
gave the land of Canaan to Abraham and his descendants as an
possession (Gen. 13:15; 17:8).
particular descendants of Abraham that inherited the promises and the
covenant God made to him, including the land, are Isaac and his
descendants (Gen. 17:18-21;
21:12; 26:2-5) through his son
Jacob and his
descendants (Gen. 26:21-23;
Jewish people obey God, He has promised to bless them in their land (Deut. 28:1-14).
Jewish people do not follow God, He has promised to disperse them from
land, amidst great suffering, throughout the world (Deut. 28:15-68).
the greatest Prophet, predicted that “Jerusalem will be trampled
underfoot by the
Gentiles until the times of the
Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:20-24). That condition
exists to this very
day, as is evidenced by the fact that another religion, Islam, has
control of Israel’s holiest site
from her. A Muslim
shrine and mosque now sit atop the Temple Mount, and Israel
is powerless to build her own temple, lest she incur the wrath of the
world and the collective rage of the United Nations.
the future, God will gather the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and
the four corners of the earth back to the land of Israel
Psa. 53:6; 106:47; Isa.
11:11-16; 27:12-13; Isa. 43:5-7; 56:8;
9; Jer. 3:14, 18; 12:15
- this last Scripture applies both to Israel
and her Gentile opponents; Jer. 23:3; 24:6;
29:14; 30:3, 10; 31:8-12;
32:37; Ezek. 11:16-20; 20:34, 38, 41-42; 28:25-26; 34:11-13, 16; 36:8,
21; 39:25-29; Joel 3:1; Amos
Micah 4:6-7; Zeph. 3:10, 19-20; Zech. 10:8-10). (Matt. 24:30-31 applies to the
elect of both Israel
and the Gentiles.)
believe that, for over a century, God has already begun his
“regathering” of Israel.
The Jewish people as a whole do not yet believe in their Messiah,
but the day is coming when they will (Zech. 12:10-13:1). At that time
Yahweh will defeat all
the nations who have invaded Judah and Jerusalem (Zech. 12:1-9), and He will
destroy all false
religious influences in the land (Zech. 13:2-6). The Deliverer,
Jesus Christ, will
come from Zion, and He will remove all ungodliness from Jacob. And so
be that all Israel will be saved (Isa. 59:20; Rom.
What is God’s
attachment to Zion?
God has a strong attachment toward Zion. According to Psalm 87:1, the foundation
of Yahweh’s dwelling
is in the holy mountains, referring to the upraised area(s) around
as the rest of the psalm bears out.
is Yahweh’s favorite place in all the land of Israel
(Ps. 87:2)! He loves the
gates of Zion more
than all the other population centers of Jacob. Here Zion refers to the
Jerusalem, which encompasses Mount Zion, proper. This is borne out by
psalmist’s use of the term “city” (Ps. 87:3). This is
telling. Of all the cities
of Israel, Zion is God’s
favorite city. It is,
in fact, the city of His residence. Why should it not be His favorite
only is Zion the foundation of His dwelling; not only is it Yahweh’s
city; but Zion is expressly the “city of God” – the city of Elohim (Ps. 87:3). Zion is the
earthly city of the
Elohim who created all of heaven and earth (Gen. 1:1)!
Book of Psalms, Israel’s
hymnal, is filled with references to Zion. The Psalms contain 39
Zion. Thus, it is impossible to worship God from the complete book of
and not encounter Zionism. The references to Zion are listed below
the five books of the Psalms.
1, Psalms 1-41, 5
instances: Psalm 2:6; 9:11, 14;
2, Psalms 42-72, 8
instances: Psalm 48:2; 11, 12;
50:2, 51:18; 53:6; 65:1;
3, Psalms 73-89, 7
instances: Psalm 74:2; 76:2;
78:68; 84:5, 7; 87:2, 5.
4, Psalms 90-106,
5 instances: Psalm 97:8; 99:2;
102:13, 16, 21.
5, Psalms 107-150,
14 instances: Psalm 110:2; 125:1;
126:1; 128:5; 129:5;
132:13; 133:3; 134:3; 135:21; 137:1, 3; 146:10; 147:12; 149:2.
learn the following about God’s attachment to Zion both from the book
and also from other, largely prophetic, books of the Bible. While this
extensive, it is not exhaustive:
has chosen Zion.
a. Psalm 78:68. Adonay did not
choose to place His
sanctuary in the land belonging to Joseph (Ephraim), but He rather
tribe of Judah, Mount Zion, as the place of His habitation. Just so, He
chose David as the head of the line from which the Messiah
would be born (Psa. 78:67-70).
b. Psalm 132:13. He wants to
live there. He does not
presently live there, for His temple has been destroyed. But it will be
(Ezek. 40:1-46:24), and God will
once again live there.
(See author’s Analysis of
Ezekiel’s description of
the Millennial Temple,
is the One responsible for founding and building Zion.
a. Isaiah 14:32. Yahweh has
founded Zion as a refuge
for His people.
b. Psalm 102:16. Yahweh has
built up Zion and there
displayed His glory. This statement, in context, addresses both the
past and the
c. Isaiah 28:16. God is so
involved in founding Zion
that He Himself is laying in Zion a costly chief cornerstone that
a. Psalm 78:68. He chose Zion
as the place of His
b. Psalm 87:1-3. Yahweh “loves
the gates of Zion more
than all the other dwelling places” in Israel.
That is why He chose to live there. There are many wonderful things
about Zion, which is God’s city. (Yahweh does not presently live in His
city here on earth, but He inevitably will again.)
is jealous on behalf of Zion.
a. Zech. 1:14. God has
punished Jerusalem, but He
is exceedingly jealous on behalf of Jerusalem and Zion. His jealousy is
with fierce anger at nations who were overzealous in meting out his
anger at Israel for her
disobedience. He will revisit
Jerusalem with compassion, will comfort Zion, choose Jerusalem, and
prosperity to the cities of Israel
(Zech. 1:12-17). This prophecy
was fulfilled initially
when a portion of Israel returned to her
homeland following the
Babylonian exile. But
it has begun to be fulfilled again in the 19th,
21st centuries. And its greatest fulfillment is
yet to come.
b. Zech. 8:2. Yahweh of
Troops is exceedingly
jealous on behalf of Zion, and His jealousy is mixed with great wrath.
once again return to live in Jerusalem, and it will be called the City
Yahweh’s mountain will be called the Holy Mountain. Old people and
children will live safely in Jerusalem and Israel.
Yahweh of Troops will bring His people from the farthest points of the
and they will live in the middle of Jerusalem. They will be His people
will be their God in truth and righteousness (Zech. 8:1-8). This passage
can only be fulfilled
completely in earthly Jerusalem, for there will be no children or
people in heavenly Jerusalem. New Jerusalem
will be filled only with people eternally in the prime of their lives,
being no marriage or reproduction following the resurrection (Matt. 22:29-30;
has lived in Zion. This was so after David moved the ark
of the covenant there,
housing it in a tent, and, as well, after Solomon built the Temple
a. Psalm 9:11. Yahweh dwells
in Zion. David
instructed that praises are to be sung to Him there and His works are
proclaimed among the peoples of the world.
b. Psalm 20:1-2. David prayed
that Yahweh might answer
the people of Israel in the day of
their trouble, sending
them help and support from the sanctuary in Zion.
c. Psalm 74:2. This psalm was
evidently written by
an Asaph who lived during the Babylonian exile. He lamented the
the temple and remembered that God had formerly dwelt in Mount Zion (Psalm 74:1-7).
d. Psalm 76:1-2. According to
tabernacle is in Salem (ancient name for Jerusalem) and His dwelling is
e. Psalm 78:68-69. Asaph affirmed
that God chose the
tribe of Judah and Mount Zion, which He loved. It was there that God
sanctuary, the place of His abode.
f. Psalm 99:1-2. The anonymous
that Yahweh reigns, enthroned above the cherubim (on the ark of the
Therefore peoples should tremble and the earth should quake. Yahweh is
Zion, and He is exalted above all the peoples (of the entire earth)!
g. Psalm 128:5-6. Yahweh is seen
as situated in Zion.
It is from there that the psalmist requests that Yahweh might bless the
worshipers, and that prosperity and peace might be upon Jerusalem and Israel
for years to come!
h. Psalm 132:13-14. The psalmist
affirms that Yahweh has
chosen Zion, desiring it for His own eternal habitation: “This is my
place forever; here I will dwell, for I have desired it.” In the days
Solomon, and Godly kings of Judah, God did indeed live in Mount Zion.
left during the Babylonian exile. There has been no temple in Jerusalem
centuries, but when Jesus returns, a Millennial
temple will be built (Ezek. 40:1-46:24), where God will
dwell (Ezek. 43:1-7; 44:4). Ultimately,
there will be no temple
in eternity, for God and Jesus will sit as co-regents on their throne
Mount Zion in New Jerusalem in the eternal
kingdom (Rev. 22:1-5).
i. Isaiah 8:18. Isaiah stated
that Yahweh of Troops
“dwells on Mount Zion.”
is the place of the King.
a. Psalm 2:6. Despite all
protests, God will install His King on Mount Zion anyway! See the
Analysis of Psalm 2 entitled, “Yahweh’s
Installation of His Anointed King on Zion to
Vanquish the Revolt of the Nations.”
i. Though earth’s
nations rebel against
God and His anointed King (Messiah),
Adonay laughs in heaven (Ps. 2:1-4).
ii. He has determined
to install His King,
Jesus, on Zion, His holy mountain, anyway (Ps. 2:5-6)!
iii. The Messiah,
Yahweh’s Son, will one day ask for and be granted the nations of the
His possession. He will rule over them with a rod of iron and shatter
rebels among them like clay pottery (Ps. 2:7-9). For this
reason earth’s kings and
judges had better show discernment and embrace the Son. If they don’t
become exceedingly angry with them and kill them. All who take refuge
are blessed immeasurably (Ps. 2:10-12).
b. Psalm 48:2. Mount Zion is
beautiful, and it is
the joy of all the earth. It is the City of the Great King.
i. At the time of
so viewed Jerusalem and Mount Zion. In fact this whole psalm describes “Israel’s Worship
of Yahweh Elohim as the Eternal Guardian
of Beautiful Zion, His City!”
ii. The future
fulfillment of this psalm
awaits the reign of King Jesus from Mount Zion during His Millennial Kingdom (Zech. 14:9; Rev.
19:11 – 20:6).
iii. The ultimate
fulfillments awaits the
Co-Regency of God and Jesus from lofty New Jerusalem
orbiting around New Earth (Rev. 21-22).
c. Psalm 110:2. Yahweh will one
day authorize Jesus,
the Messiah, seated on His
throne in Zion, to
rule over His enemies.
i. The Messiah,
Jesus, is instructed to sit at the right hand of Yahweh, there waiting
Yahweh makes Messiah’s enemies a
footstool on which He can
rest His feet (Ps. 110:1). Following
Jesus’ ascension to
heaven after His resurrection, that is precisely what Jesus has been
That is not all He has been doing, of course, but He is doing that.
ii. Jesus is
presently serving eternally
as a priest after the order of Melchizedek (Ps. 110:4).
iii. At some time in
the future Yahweh will
stretch forth Messiah’s scepter from
Zion on earth and
command him, “Rule in the midst of your enemies.” The context must be
political kingdom on earth, for He will have been authorized to “rule
midst of” His enemies (Ps. 110:2).
iv. Israeli people
will volunteer to join
Him in combat (Ps. 110:3). Messiah
will shatter kings and conquer nations, leaving their corpses littering
countryside (Ps. 110:5-6). Messiah
will relentlessly pursue His adversaries, pausing only long enough to
from a brook. Finally, He will be successful in eliminating them, and
raise His head in victory (Psa. 110:7)!
v. As the context of
this entire psalm reveals, Mount
Zion must necessarily
political reign on earth, for in heavenly Mount
Zion in eternity, his
enemies will have been forever vanquished
outside the New Cosmos in the Lake of Fire (Rev. 20:11-15;
21:8, 27; 22:15).
d. Psalm 146:10. Yahweh will
reign forever. Zion’s
God will reign over all generations.
i. It is useless to
trust in mortal man,
but the one who trusts in the God of Jacob is immeasurably blessed.
ii. Not only is God
the Creator, but He is
the supporter of the defenseless and He thwarts the wicked. Yahweh is
forever. For all these reasons one should praise Yahweh (Psalm 146)!
iii. See the author’s
Analysis of Psalm 146
entitled, “Praise to Yahweh
Elohim for His
Support of the Afflicted and the Down-Trodden.”
e. Psalm 149:2. In an act of
worship, the sons of
Zion are instructed to rejoice in their Maker and King.
i. It is appropriate
to praise Yahweh with a new song and accompaniment because Yahweh takes
pleasure in His people and will save them, His afflicted ones (Psalm 149:1-4).
ii. As they praise
God, they are
instructed to execute God’s vengeance on the nations and punishment on
peoples. They are to bind kings with chains and nobles with fetters. It
honor for God’s Godly people to execute judgment on the nations (Psa. 149:5-9).
iii. See the author’s
Analysis of Psalm 149
entitled, “Israel Urged to
Praise Yahweh, Her
Creator King, for Using Her in Holy War to Judge Rebellious Nations.”
f. Isaiah 24:23. After the
catastrophic events of the
Great Tribulation, “Then the moon
will be abashed and
the sun ashamed, for the LORD of hosts will reign on Mount Zion and in
Jerusalem, and His glory will be before His elders.”
i. This text refers,
initially, to the
glorious reign of Jesus
Christ for a thousand
years on earth.
ii. Ultimately it
refers to His eternal
Co-Regency with God from their throne in New Jerusalem,
the orbiting capital of New Earth.
The glory emanating from God and Jesus will be so great that the huge
city of New Jerusalem
will cast light on New Earth
below and the nations will walk and work by the light of the City.
This light will be so great it will render the light of the moon and
superfluous (Rev. 21:10-11,
iii. The over-all
topic of Isaiah 24 is
“The Coming Destruction of the Heavens and the Earth” (see the author’s analysis of Isaiah 24 on p. 15).
will despoil earth completely because of the evil of its inhabitants (Isa. 24:1-6).
will cease (Isa. 24:7-13).
will be world-wide praise of Yahweh (Isa. 24:14-16a).
will execute staggering judgment of the earth (Isa. 24:16b-22).
will reign in glory on Mount Zion (Isa. 24:23).
g. Isaiah 33:20-22. After a time of
judgment by God in a
foreign land among unintelligible speakers, Israelis will look on Zion
undisturbed and inviolable. Yahweh will be their King.
i. They will see the
King, the Messiah
in His beauty (Isa. 33:17). He will be
their Judge, their Lawgiver,
and their King (Isa. 33:22).
ii. Note that there
will be no separation
of powers as it is supposed to be in America today. The Judicial, the
Legislative, and the Executive Branches will all cohere in One Person,
iii. See the author’s Analysis of Isaiah 33 on pp. 18-19.
h. Isaiah 52:7. Though Israel
has been taken captive on various occasions, the time will come when a
messenger announces good news to Zion, “Your God reigns!” The Jewish
will shout for joy and see with their own eyes that Yahweh will restore
and comfort and save His people (Isa. 52:8-10).
i. Obadiah 1:21. The time will
come when deliverers
“ascend Mount Zion” “and the kingdom will be the LORD’s.”
j. Micah 4:7. The time will
come when Yahweh will
regather outcast Jewish people from all over and reign over them
k. Zephaniah 3:14-18. Yahweh, Israel’s
King and victorious Warrior will be among them. Therefore Zion should
i. There will come a
time when the people
of Israel will no longer
be deceitful. They
will live in their land peacefully, unafraid (Zeph. 3:12-13).
ii. The daughter of
Zion (the people of
Zion) will shout for joy because Yahweh has taken away her judgment. He
cleared away her enemies (Zeph. 3:14-15).
iii. Yahweh, the King
will be among them in the person of Jesus the Messiah
as a victorious warrior, so Zion no longer needs to fear (Zeph. 3:15-17).
iv. Yahweh will
fortunes before their very eyes (Zeph. 3:20).
is connected with Zion. It is impossible to divorce Israel,
Jerusalem, or Zion from the worship of Yahweh. Central to this whole
is the recognition that the Law required a Central Sanctuary in the
Canaan. This basic law was first spelled out in Deuteronomy 12. (See the outline of
Deuteronomy 12 on page 6.) Zion
is the place that
God chose to dwell, and Zion is the place where God must be worshiped.
impossible to separate Zionism from the worship of Yahweh in Zion, the
prescribed site of the Central Sanctuary. Right now Mount Zion, in
the Temple Mount, cannot be the place where God resides. The shrine of
of the Rock occupies the place of true worship for Israelis. But
forbidden to set up places of worship other than the central sanctuary,
God has designated as Zion. The day is coming when there will no longer
Islamic mosques or shrines on the Temple Mount. Only the Jewish temple
exist there, and true worshipers of Yahweh in Israel
will, out of necessity, be Zionists. They will joyfully come to Zion to
Jesus, the Messiah in the
designated place of worship,
the Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount. But, the future Temple on Mount
will not be a house of prayer for Jewish people. It will be a House of
for all nations (Isa. 56:7; Mark
11:17)! So all Arab
peoples who worship
Jesus as their Messiah will come to Mount Zion, and it will be their
also!! The following psalms and one passage from Jeremiah illustrate
worship of Yahweh is tied in with Zion. Most of these psalms were
course, while neither Jerusalem nor the temple mount were occupied by
a. Psalm 65:1. “There will be
You, and praise in Zion, O God, and to You
the vow will be
performed.” This psalm (Psa. 65) was written by
David, and in it he
offers “Praise for
Elohim’s Power in Salvation
Presumably, he wrote this psalm after he had moved the Ark of the
its temporary residence in the house of Obed-edom to a tent he had
it in the City of David (1 Chron. 15; 2
Sam. 6:12). So David, in Psalm 65:1, envisioned
meditation, vocal praise, and fulfillment of vows made with God – all
Here Zion refers to the place of worship on the Temple Mount, here
as Zion. It probably also refers more generally to Jerusalem as the
God’s residence. Zion thus was the place where all Israel
came to worship God.
b. Psalm 84:7. Psalm 84 is entitled, “Passion for,
Pilgrimage to, and Prayer
in the House of God.”
It is a psalm of the sons of Korah. The unnamed author first describes
passion for the House of “Yahweh of Troops” (Psa. 84:1-4). Next, he
describes his pilgrimage
to worship Elohim in Zion (Psa. 84:5-7). He states that
he and other
pilgrims are strengthened as they arrive successfully in Zion: “They go
strength to strength, every one of them
appears before God in Zion” (Psa. 84:7). The point of
this verse, for our
purposes here, is to demonstrate that Jewish residents of Israel
make a pilgrimage to Zion, the capital of Israel,
there to worship God.
c. Psalm 102:21. Psalm 102 is “A Prayer of the
Himself in Yahweh’s Eternal Compassion for Zion.” The historical
background for this
psalm may be the time of the Exile, caused by Babylon’s destruction of
temple and the city of Jerusalem. It sounds as though the city is in a
condition (Psa. 102:14). In this psalm,
“afflicted” author pleads with Yahweh for a quick response to his
prayer (Psa. 102:1-2). He feels
horrible (Psa. 102:3-7) because of the
reproach of his
enemies (Psa. 102:8-9), because of
Yahweh’s indignation (Psa. 102:10), and because of
his own mortality (Psa. 102:11). And yet he
finds assurance for
himself in Yahweh’s eternal compassion for Zion (Psa. 102:12-14). Yahweh is
eternal (Psa. 102:12), and surely the
time has come for
Yahweh to have compassion on Zion (Psa. 102:13). If Yahweh’s
servants, devout Jews,
felt compassion for the apparently ruined city’s stones and dust,
surely now it
was time for Yahweh to feel the same (Psa. 102:14). With an eye of
faith looking to the
future, the author is convinced that Yahweh’s compassion on Zion will
enormous benefits for the Kingdom of God (Psa. 102:15-17). First, there
will be successful
international evangelism, so that the nations of the earth will fear
name, and earth’s rulers will submit to His glory (Psa. 102:15). This will
happen when Yahweh will
have built up Zion, appearing in His glory (Psa. 102:16). This stunning
occur first in the Millennium, inaugurated by
the Second Coming of
Christ, and ultimately,
in eternity in New Jerusalem
in connection with New Earth.
This will all come about through Yahweh’s answer to the prayers of
are “destitute” (Psa. 102:17).
d. Psalm 128:5. Psalm 128 speaks of “The Blessings of
Those Who Fear Yahweh.” It is one of
the psalms categorized
in the text as a “Song of Ascents,” meaning it is
a pilgrim song to be
sung by Jewish worshipers ascending to Jerusalem to worship God. The
verse speaks of the acquisition of Yahweh’s blessing. One receives
fearing Yahweh and walking in His ways (Psa. 128:1). The next
section conveys the
evidences of Yahweh’s blessing – personal well-being and domestic bliss
(Psa. 128:2-4). The last
section is, frankly,
nationalistic (Psalm 128:5-6). In a few brief
worshipers call out blessings in song to one another. They first
Yahweh’s blessing upon one another from Zion. The national sign of that
blessing is that they may each “see the prosperity of Jerusalem” all
lives (Psa. 128:5). There is a
heritage attached to
these blessings – may their fellow-worshipers each see their
closing is, again, a nationalization of Yahweh’s blessing – indeed, may
be upon Israel!” (Psa. 128:6). Thus, at the
close of this psalm,
Zion, Jerusalem, and Israel
are all three mentioned. Again,
impossible to divorce Israel,
Jerusalem, or Zion from the worship of Yahweh.
e. Psalm 135:21. Psalm 135 is “A Call to All
Israel to Praise and Bless Yahweh, the Supreme God.” The psalm
concludes with a call to Israel,
priests, and Levites to bless and praise Yahweh (Psa. 135:19-21). The specific
place from which all
are commanded to bless Yahweh is Zion, the place of Yahweh’s residence
f. Psalm 147:12. Psalm 147 is a
nationalistic psalm. It calls
for “Praise to Yahweh
for His Restoration
of, Provision for, and Revelation to Israel.” The third
stanza of this psalm calls for Zionistic
praise to Yahweh for protecting Israel
and for speaking to control precipitation and to reveal His laws to Israel
(Psa. 147:12-20). At the
beginning of this stanza,
Jerusalem is specifically commanded to praise Yahweh, and Zion is specifically
commanded to praise her God
(Elohim) (Psa. 147:12).
g. Psalm 149:2. In Psalm 149, “Israel (is) urged
to Praise Yahweh, Her Creator-King, for
Using Her in Holy War to Judge Rebellious Nations.” In the second
is to “be glad in his Maker,” and “the sons of Zion (are to) rejoice in
King” (Psa. 149:2). The nation of Israel
is specifically identified as “the sons of Zion.”
h. Jeremiah 31:6. The Book of
Jeremiah was written
concerning the following topic: “God’s Justice
Forewarned and Experienced: The Fall of
Jerusalem.” The chapters in which this verse is found (Jer. 30-33) constitute a
“message to Judah and Israel
– Future restoration despite judgment” (see the author’s outline,
pp. 16-19). Jer. 31:1-6 anticipates
Yahweh’s restoration of
all the families of Israel
(outline, p. 16), “For
there will be a day
when watchmen on the hills of Ephraim call out, ‘Arise, and let us go
Zion, to the LORD our God” (Jer. 31:6). Zion is here
seen as the residence
of Yahweh as well as the capital city (Jerusalem) of Israel;
it is the place where Yahweh is to be worshiped.
to God for Zion.
i. Psalm 51:18. Psalm 51 is “A Prayer for
Cleansing” which David
prayed after his sordid
affair with Bathsheba. David prayed for cleansing from sin (Psa. 51:1-2), acknowledging
his guilt before a
holy God (Psa. 51:3-6). He asked for
restoration (Psa. 51:7-12), and vowed to
praise God (Psa. 51:13-15). He
acknowledged that God was
pleased with the sacrifices of a broken heart and a contrite spirit (Psa. 51:16-17). He concluded (Psa. 51:18-19) by asking that
God would bless Israel’s
capital city: “By your favor do good to Zion; build the walls of
Jerusalem” (Psalm 51:18). Then God would
righteous sacrifices” and in all manner of offerings upon His altar (Psa. 51:19). Today Israel’s
heart is not right with God, and it is impossible for her people to
sacrifices, for she has no temple. When the Messiah returns
(Zech. 14:1-5), Israel
will be granted contrite hearts (Zech. 12:10-13:1), and true
worship in a new temple
complete with sacrifices will be restored (Ezek. 40:1-46:24) in a restored
land (Ezek. 47-48) under the
peaceful reign of Davidic
King Jesus (Zech. 14:6-11).
ii. Psalm 126:1-6. Psalm 126 constitutes “An Exuberant
Acknowledgment of the
Return of Israel to Her Promised Land.”
This psalm is a “Song of Ascents,” sung by Jewish
to Zion to worship there in the temple. The first three verses
exuberant acknowledgement of Yahweh’s return of Jewish
captives from their
Babylonian exile (Psa. 126:1-3). The anonymous
one of the returned exiles, states, “When
the LORD brought back
the captive ones of Zion, we were like those who dream” (Psa. 126:1). Here Zion is a
reference to the
city of Jerusalem as the capital of the entire nation. The next section
to a plea to Yahweh to restore even more exiles (Psa. 126:4). In the final
two verses the
ascending worshipers express faith in the long-term success of Israeli
repatriation (Psa. 126:5-6). Here, in a
psalm for worshipers
ascending to Jerusalem, there is an explicit statement acknowledging
Zionism, that God has brought exiles back to the promised land, termed
And there is the implicit expression of future Zionism, that, though Israel
endures many hardships, the success of the repatriated nation will
joyful reality. It is impossible to separate worship in the psalms from
for shame and failure for the haters of Zion.
i. Psalm 129:5. Psalm 129 is another “Song of Ascents,” to be sung by
ascending to Jerusalem to worship in the temple. I have entitled it, “Israel’s
Acknowledgment of Yahweh’s Deliverance from
Haters of Zion.” The
first four verses are “A Call to Israel
to Acknowledge Yahweh’s Deliverance from Wicked Enemies” (Psa. 129:1-4). The worshipers
perpetual persecution (Psa. 129:1-2). There follows
a brief description
of Israel’s persecution from
the author’s analysis
of the psalm, p. 1:
Israel's youth and
onward, the nation has been
persecuted. Growing up in Egypt, the breadbasket of the world, the
was reduced to slavery. Throughout Israel's
history, Jewish people have been subjected to intense hatred,
anti-Semitism. True, some of that has come as a Divine judgment for
Yahweh and His commands, the Torah. But as a whole the ferocity
irrationality of the antipathy toward Israel
can only be attributed to a supernatural hatred inspired by the Devil himself. The world typically
despises those whom God has
chosen (Psalm 2:1-3; John
15:18-19, 23-25; 1
John 3:13). The world has yet to vent
its fiercest hatred
against the Jewish people (Zech. 13:8 -
14:2; Jer. 30:7; Matt.
24:15-22; Rev. 12:13).
worshipers briefly describe the persecution (Psa. 129:3), then speak of
their release from
persecution (Psa. 129:4). In the second
half of the psalm the
worshipers “call for the demoralization and premature demise of the
Zion” (Psa. 129:5-8): “May all who
hate Zion be put to
shame and turned backward,” they pray (Psa. 129:5). They further
request that all
haters of Zion (may) be as transient and as unblessed as rooftop grass (Psa. 129:6-8). Some day these
will be answered: initially, when Jesus, upon His return to earth, destroys His and
enemies in battle (Zech. 12:1-9;
14:1-9, 12-15; Rev.
which He will judge all the nations of the world in His World Court and then destroy
those who had not
come to the aid of His “brothers” during the time of the Great Tribulation (Matt. 25:31-46). Second, their
prayers will be
answered when fire blazes down from heaven and consumes countless
and Magog, who have gathered to revolt against
the King and His
administration in Jerusalem at the end of His one-thousand-year
reign (Rev. 20:1-9). Ultimately,
their prayers will be
answered when Jesus judges all rebels and consigns
them to the Lake of Fire (Rev. 20:10-15) prior to His
establishment of New Heavens and New Earth, in which exists
only righteousness (2 Pet. 3:13; Rev.
21:1-4). New Earth will be graced
by New Jerusalem, from both of
which are excluded all
the wicked of all ages (Rev. 21:8, 27;
to this discussion, allow me to conclude the following. (1) This is an
verity – that God will bless those who bless Abraham, and He will curse
who curse Abraham (Gen. 12:3). (2) It is
Biblical to pray for the
untimely demise of those who hate Zion (Psa. 129:5-8). (3) It is
biblical to “pray for the
peace of Jerusalem” in this manner: “May they prosper who love you” (Psa. 122:6). (4) One day
the entire New Universe
will be rid of all who hate Zion. (5) All are urged to “Do homage to
that He not become angry, and you perish in the way, for His wrath may
kindled. How blessed are all who take refuge in Him” (Psa. 2:12)!
ii. Psalm 132:13-18. Psalm 132 is a remarkable
psalm. It is a “Song of Ascents,” which means it
was one of those
psalms composed for Jewish worshipers to sing as they ascended the
Jerusalem to worship in the sanctuary. It speaks of “Yahweh’s
Revelation, in Response to Prayer, of His Choice
to Reside in Zion, Blessing It Through His Davidic Messiah.” The psalm begins with a prayer to Yahweh to
remember David’s passion, despite
opposition, to build Him a house (Ps. 132:1-5). The next section underscores the peoples’
resolve to worship at the
house of Yahweh, asking His blessing on the nation, its worship, and
leaders (Ps. 132:6-10). The third section rehearses Yahweh’s dynastic
oath to David (Ps. 132:11-12). This refers to
the Davidic Covenant. It speaks of
oath to seat David’s sons on his throne (Ps. 132:11). The next verse
speaks of the
conditional nature of that oath – if David’s sons keep Yahweh’s
sons would sit on David’s throne forever (Ps. 132:12). Of course,
only one of David’s sons
would be able to keep Yahweh’s covenant perfectly. That son was and is
the Messiah (Matt. 5:17). He will one
day reign over the
house of Jacob forever, seated on David’s throne (Luke 1:26-33). The fourth and final section is of particular
interest to us in the
context of our present discussion. It speaks of Yahweh’s choice to
Zion, to bless Zion, and to rule from Zion through His Davidic Messiah
(Ps. 132:13-18). The first subset speaks of Yahweh’s choice to
dwell in Zion eternally (Ps. 132:13-14). The ascending
worshipers sing, “For
the LORD has chosen Zion; he has desired it for His habitation” (Ps. 132:13). They then
quote Yahweh: “This is My
resting place forever; here I will dwell, for I have desired it” (Ps. 132:14). The second subset quotes Yahweh’s choice to
bless her (meaning Zion)
with food and with righteousness (Ps. 132:15-16). The third and final subset (Ps. 132:17-18) quotes Yahweh’s
resolve to establish
His Davidic Messiah there (meaning
in Zion). He will
install the Davidic Messiah:
“There I will cause the horn of David to spring forth; I have prepared
for My anointed” (Ps. 132:17). He will defeat
enemies: “His enemies I will clothe with shame” (Ps. 132:18a). And He will
reign: “…but upon himself his crown shall shine” (Ps. 132:18b). As Jesus
Himself said, “I am the
Light of the world; he who follows me will not walk in the darkness,
have the Light of life” (John 8:12; 9:5;
12:46). In summary, we have here a psalm in which
Zion is an integral part of
worship. Here Biblical worship acknowledges that God has chosen Zion,
He has determined to live there forever. He will bless and provide for
people of Zion; Zion is the focal point of authentic priestly ministry
Israeli joy; and it is the place from which the anointed Messiah
(Jesus) will shine forth. Messiah’s
enemies will be shamed, but His crown will shine.
the people connected with Zion have historically frequently rebelled
God and have neglected to serve Him and worship Him.
a. Isaiah 1:8. Because of her
sin and rebellion
against Yahweh, the daughter (people) of Zion is reduced to being a
watchman’s hut in a cucumber field, and is like a besieged city.
have revolted against Him (Isa. 1:2). Though an ox
knows its owner and a
donkey knows the hand which feeds him, Israel
does not know its Master and her people do not understand Him (Isa. 1:3). Israel
is a sinful nation, filled with iniquity. Her people are corrupt sons
abandoned Yahweh, despised Israel’s
Holy One and turned away from Him in rebellion (Isa. 1:4-5). It is this
rebellion that has
brought Yahweh’s judgment. The land is desolate, Israel’s
cities have been burned with fire, and invaders devour her fields (Isa. 1:7).
b. Isaiah 33:14. There are
godless sinners in Zion.
They are terrified of Yahweh’s consuming fire of judgment (Isa. 33:8-14).
c. Lamentations 4:22. The iniquity of
Zion had brought
about her exile.
d. Micah 1:13. Lachish was
“the beginning of sin”
and rebellion to the daughter of Zion (people of Israel).
e. Micah 3:10. The rulers of Israel
“build Zion with bloodshed and Jerusalem with violent injustice”. The
Zion’s rulers are catalogued in the verses preceding and following (Micah 3:1-12). They do not
know justice (Mic. 3:1).
They “hate good and love evil” (Mic.3:2). They devour
the flesh of Yahweh’s
people (Mic. 3:2-3). They practice
evil deeds (Mic. 3:4). Her prophets
lead the people
astray. If someone feeds the prophets, they cry out “Peace.” But if
does not feed them they wage jihad (Mic. 3:5). Jacob is
guilty of rebellious acts
and Israel of sin (Mic. 3:8). The nation’s
rulers “abhor justice
and twist everything that is straight” (Mic. 3:9). They “build
Zion with bloodshed and
Jerusalem with violent injustice” (Mic. 3:10). Zion’s leaders
cases for a bribe. Her priests teach from the law “for a price and her
divine for money,” all the while telling the people that Yahweh is
and that therefore calamity will not befall them (Mic. 3:11). Yet it is for
their iniquities that
Zion will be plowed as a field,” and “Jerusalem will become a heap of
ruins” (Mic. 3:12).
this reason God has brought judgment upon Zion. This
judgment will continue
even more harshly in the future. Indeed, Jesus predicted that
be trampled under foot by the Gentiles until the times of the
Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:24).
a. Isaiah 64:9-12. Decades before
Judah was conquered
by Babylon, Isaiah wrote a prayer that Jewish people would pray in
exile. They would pray that
would not be interminably angry with them, for “Zion has become a
Jerusalem a desolation. Our holy and beautiful house, where our fathers
You, has been burned by fire….”
b. Jeremiah 4:6. God would bring
Zion from the north (Babylon).
c. Jeremiah 4:31. This judgment
would bring a cry of
anguish from the people as they were murdered by the Babylonians.
d. Jeremiah 6:2. Through
Babylon, God would cut off
the “daughter of Zion” (the inhabitants of Jerusalem).
e. Jeremiah 6:23. The warriors of
Babylon would be
merciless against Zion.
f. Jeremiah 8:19. Exiled in
Babylon the Jewish people
would cry out, “Is Yahweh no longer in Zion? Is He no longer King
which Yahweh would reply, “Why have they provoked me with their carved
and foreign idols?” (author’s paraphrase).
g. Jeremiah 9:19. Because the
people of Israel
had forsaken Yahweh’s law, He would scatter them among the nations, and
would be wailing in Zion (Jer. 9:13-19).
h. Jeremiah 14:19. Yahweh would
send the sword and
famine upon Zion. Jeremiah wondered aloud if God had completely
or if He loathed Zion (Jer. 14:1-19).
i. Jeremiah 26:18. The prophet
Micah of Moresheth had
stated that Yahweh
of Troops had
revealed Zion would be plowed like a field and Jerusalem would be
ruined (Mic. 3:12).
j. Joel 2:1, 15. Sound the alarm
trumpet in Zion
because the sinister “Day of Yahweh” is coming!
k. Amos 1:2. Yahweh will
roar in judgment from
Zion, withering both Israel
and surrounding nations. Amos 1:1-3:8.
l. Amos 6:1. Woe to those at
ease in Zion and
Samaria! Judgment is coming!
m. Micah 1:12-13. Disaster is
coming upon Zion because
of her rebellion.
n. Micah 3:9-12. The leaders of
Zion are evil;
therefore Zion will become like a plowed field and Jerusalem “a heap of
o. Micah 4:9-10. Agony has
gripped the daughter of
Zion (inhabitants of Jerusalem and Judea) like a woman in childbirth.
great pain she will be driven into exile in Babylon, later to be
Jerusalem and Judah had been invaded by the Babylonians and the city
temple had been destroyed, Jeremiah wrote the book of Lamentations,
the misery and destruction of Jerusalem and Zion. He acknowledges that
brought on this devastation to Zion because of her rebellion and sins.
i. Lamentations 1:4. The roads of
Zion were in mourning
because they were empty of people.
ii. Lamentations 1:6. All majesty had
departed from the daughter
of Zion (the people).
iii. Lamentations 1:17. Zion stretched
out her hands for
help, but there was none to comfort her.
iv. Lamentations 2:1. God is angry
v. Lamentations 2:4. God has poured
out His wrath on Zion
vi. Lamentations 2:6. God has
destroyed the temple and put
an end to religious observances in Zion.
vii. Lamentations 2:8. Yahweh has
destroyed the wall of the
daughter of Zion.
viii. Lamentations 2:10. The elders of
Zion are silently
bowed in grief.
ix. Lamentations 2:13. The devastation
of Zion is
unspeakable and inconsolable.
x. Lamentations 2:18. The tears of
the daughter of Zion
run down like a river.
xi. Lamentations 4:2. In the siege of
Jerusalem, the vigor
and value of the sons of Zion, once like gold, has now been diminished
value of common pottery as their life forces ebbed away.
xii. Lamentations 4:11. Yahweh has
vented his wrath and
anger against Zion by kindling a fire in her.
xiii. Lamentations 4:22. The punishment
for Zion’s iniquity
has been completed.
xiv. Lamentations 5:11. Women in Zion
were raped by the
xv. Lamentations 5:18. Mount Zion is
so desolate foxes
prowl among the ruins.
10. Consequently there is weeping in
connection with Zion.
a. Psalm 137:1. Jewish people
exiled in Babylon wept
when they remembered Zion.
b. Isaiah 30:19. The time will
come when the people
of Zion will no longer weep.
c. Isaiah 61:3. The Spirit of
God is on someone
because Yahweh has anointed him to bring good news to the afflicted,
the broken-hearted, proclaim freedom to captives, proclaim Yahweh’s
proclaim God’s vengeance, and comfort all those who mourn in Zion (Isa. 61:1-3). Jesus
fulfilled a portion of this
prophecy at His First Advent (Luke 4:16-21). He will
fulfill the rest of it at
d. Jeremiah 9:17-22. Yahweh of
Troops instructs the
people to call for the wailing women. A voice of wailing will be heard
survivors in Zion because so many have left the land, fleeing because
homes had been destroyed by the enemy, and because death had destroyed
and adults alike.
e. Jeremiah 50:4-5. The time will
come when the sons of
Israel and the sons of Judah alike will return
to Israel weeping as they
go. They will ask for
directions to Zion so they may seek Yahweh and join themselves to Him
in an eternal covenant.
is to be an Everlasting
in connection with Zion. Jeremiah 50:4-5. The time will
come when the sons of
Israel and the sons of Judah alike will return
to Israel weeping as they
go. They will ask for
directions to Zion so they may seek Yahweh and join themselves to Him
in an eternal
12. In the future God will again
a. Isaiah 60:14. Zion is the
city of Yahweh, the Holy
One of Israel.
i. Isaiah 60 is a magnificent
the glorious future of Israel.
There are portions of this passage which refer to the return of Jewish
people from around the world to take part in
Christ’s Millennial Kingdom. Other portions
can only refer to the
Eternal State in New Jerusalem.
Other portions apply to both.
ii. The people of Israel
are commanded to arise and shine, for the glory of Yahweh has risen
and will appear to them. Israel’s
glory will be so great nations and kings will gather to behold and
her glory (Isa. 60:1-3). This glory
will manifest itself preliminarily
in Jesus’ reign from Jerusalem during the Millennium, but ultimately
in New Jerusalem
iii. Jewish people,
exiled all over the
world, will come from afar and return to the
promised land of Israel
will become very wealthy as the earth’s nations bring tribute to her
King, Jesus. This wealth will include a prodigious harvest of fish from
sea, and of camels, gold, frankincense, and silver. Flocks of
animals will be brought from Kedar to be sacrificed as a memorial in
Millennial Temple (Isa. 60:7, 13;
cf. Ezek. 40:1-46:24). Israel’s
sons will come from afar back to the land, bringing “their silver and
them” (Isa. 60:9).
v. Foreigners will
in rebuilding her walls, and kings of foreign nations will serve Israel. There will be
peace throughout the
land, and Jerusalem’s gates will be open for transit day and night. Israel
will enjoy international supremacy. The wealth of the nations will be
into Jerusalem with their kings in subservience. Any nation or kingdom
will not serve Israel will find itself
ruined (Isa. 60:10-12).
vi. All who have
opposed Jewish people and
Zion in the past will come and bow before the soles of Israeli feet.
freely admit that Jerusalem is the city of Yahweh, that it is Zion of
One of Israel (Isa. 60:14)!
vii. Whereas Zion in
the past has been
forsaken, hated, and desolate, Yahweh will make her an eternal pride,
and provided for by the kings and nations of earth (Isa. 60:15-16).
that time, the Jewish people will know that Jesus is
their Savior, Redeemer, and the Mighty One of Jacob (Isa. 60:16).
ix. Yahweh will bless
with prosperity, peace, righteousness, and praise (Isa. 60:17-18).
x. Zion will exude
great glory, for
Yahweh will be her light. Mourning will end, her people will possess
promised land forever, and Israel
will be a mighty nation (Isa. 60:19-22). This last
paragraph will be most
completely fulfilled in New Jerusalem
in connection with New Earth
b. Jeremiah 31:6. The day will
come in the future
kingdom “when watchmen on the hills of Ephraim call out, ‘Arise, and
let us go
up to Zion, to the LORD our God.’” This will be true because Yahweh
i. This will be the
time when Yahweh
declares, “I will be the God of all the families of Israel,
and they shall be My people” (Jer. 31:1), when “The
people who survived the
sword” of the Tribulation (Zech. 13:8-9) will have
“found grace in the
wilderness” of judgment (Ezek. 20:33-44).
ii. Yahweh has loved Israel
with an everlasting love and drawn her with loyal love (Jer. 31:3). Therefore
Yahweh will build Israel
and she will indeed be rebuilt (Jer. 31:4-5)!
iii. The people will return to Zion
to worship Yahweh their God (Jer. 31:6). They will be
commanded by Yahweh to
“Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob,” the “chief of the nations,” and
as an act
of praise to plead, “O LORD, save Your people, the remnant of Israel”
iv. And Yahweh will
respond. He will
gather His people “from the north country” and “from the remotest parts
earth” (Jer. 31:8). A “great
company” will return to the
land of promise “with weeping” (Jer. 31:8-9). “He who
will gather him and keep him as a shepherd keeps His flock” (Jer. 31:10).
v. Yahweh will
ransom and redeem Jacob,
and the Jewish people “will come and shout for joy on the height of
Zion” (the Temple
Mount) (Jer. 31:11-12). “They will be
radiant over the
bounty of the LORD,” “…and they will never languish again” (Jer. 31:12). Yahweh “will
turn their mourning
into joy,” and His people “will be satisfied” with His goodness (Jer. 31:13-14).
c. Joel 3:17. There will come
a time in the future
when the people of Israel will know that
Yahweh is their God
who dwells in Zion, His holy mountain. At that time Jerusalem will be
unsoiled by strangers. (Yet God will graciously grant “born in Zion”
countless Gentiles. See the author’s Analysis of Psalm
d. Joel 3:21. “…Judah will be
and Jerusalem for all generations.” Yahweh will avenge the blood of His
and He will dwell in Zion (Joel 3:20-21).
e. Zechariah 2:10-12. The time is
coming when Yahweh will
again dwell in Zion. Many nations will join themselves to Him and
people. Yahweh will again choose Judah and Jerusalem!
f. Zechariah 8:3. Yahweh will
return to Zion and live
in Jerusalem. Jerusalem “will be called the City of Truth,” and
mountain will be called “the Holy Mountain.”
13. Zion will one day be redeemed,
restored, and healed.
a. Isaiah 1:27. “Zion will be
redeemed with justice
and her repentant ones with righteousness.”
b. Jeremiah 3:14. Though the
Jewish people are
faithless, Yahweh will ultimately bring selected individuals back to
c. Jeremiah 30:17. Yahweh will
outcast, uncared for Zion back to health and heal her of her wounds.
d. Jeremiah 31:6, 12. One day,
watchmen will urge Israelis
to travel to Zion to worship Yahweh. The redeemed of Israel
will shout for joy on Zion, exulting in Yahweh’s blessing. Indeed, by
His New Covenant, Yahweh has
forgiveness and restoration to fellowship (Jer. 31). Israel’s
existence is as eternal as the universe. One day this universe will
but God will make a brand new one, free from sin and its ravages (2 Pet. 3:7-13;
e. Micah 4:6-8. Yahweh will
gather His outcast
people from all over the world and will personally reign over them in
i. In the last days,
the mountain of the
house of Yahweh will be established as chief of all the high seats of
throughout the earth. People will come from all over the world to mount
learn of His ways (Mic. 4:1-2).
ii. There, Jesus will
be enthroned as the
God-King and will render decisions as the International Supreme Court.
peace will prevail (Mic. 4:3).
iii. Jewish people
will sit fearlessly on
their own private property without fear of invasion or theft (Mic. 4:4).
iv. Yahweh will
assemble the outcasts and
the lame and make them a strong nation, Israel.
Jesus the Messiah will reign over
the nation from Mount
Zion and Zion’s rightful dominion will be restored (Mic. 4:6-8).
f. Micah 4:10. Though the
daughter of Zion (people
of Judea) was captured and imprisoned in Babylon, ultimately she was
The way God has restored Israel
in the past aptly illustrates that which He will accomplish in the
g. Micah 4:11-13. Yahweh will
the power to pulverize anti-Zionist nations.
i. Throughout time
many nations have
gloated over the demise of Zion (Mic. 4:11).
ii. In the last days
Yahweh will again
draw them to attempt to destroy Zion. Unbeknown to them, they are
to be trampled underfoot on the threshing floor. Zion will thresh them
seize from them their unjust wealth and devote it to the service of
of all the earth (Mic. 4:12-13).
h. Zephaniah 3:14, 16. The daughter
(inhabitants) of Zion
and the daughter (inhabitants) of Jerusalem and the people of Israel
shout for joy because Yahweh will cease judging her and remove her
Zion will no longer need to be fearful (Zeph. 3:14).
i. Yahweh, Jesus,
King of Israel,
will be among them and they will need no longer fear disaster. Jesus
will be a
victorious warrior among them (Zeph. 3:15-17).
ii. Yahweh will save
the lame and gather
the outcast of Israel. He will restore
their fortunes, and
He will “turn their shame into praise and renown” … “among all the
the earth” (Zeph. 3:19-20).
i. Zechariah 1:16-17. Yahweh will
return to Jerusalem with
compassion, and He will build His house in it. Yahweh of Troops
His cities, i.e. the cities of Israel,
would again “overflow with prosperity.” Yahweh “will again comfort Zion
again comfort Jerusalem.” This prophecy was fulfilled preliminarily
Babylonian exile. It will again be fulfilled at Christ’s Second Coming
and the commencement of His Millennial Kingdom.
the past, Zion has been a source of
joy. Psalm 48:2. This psalm
Worship of Yahweh Elohim as the Eternal Guardian of Beautiful Zion, His
(Analysis of Psalm
48.) “Psalm 48 oozes Zionism.
Mount Zion is named in
48:2,11, and Zion in 48:12; there are two
references to the city
** ('iyr) of our God in 48:1 and 8, one reference
to the city ** ('iyr) of the LORD
(Yahweh) of hosts (troops)
in 48:8, and one
reference to the city **(qiryah) of
the great King, a reference to God Himself (Elohim) as the
reigning Monarch, in 48:2-3” (see Analysis of Psalm
48, footnote 1,
page 1). Of particular interest is the fact
that the sons of Korah, authors of this psalm, stated that Mount Zion,
of the great King, is the joy of the entire earth! (Ps. 48:1-2)! Here I would
agree with Vern
Steiner (unpublished notes) of Miqra Institute
that this psalm is particularly eschatological. In my view, this
statement (in 48:1-2) will be
fulfilled when Jesus Christ
reigns from his throne in the temple on Mount Zion during His Millennial Kingdom (Isa. 2:1-4; Ezek.
43:1-7; Zech. 14:9). It will be
supremely fulfilled when
Jesus and God the Father sit as Co-Regents on their throne in New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:1-22:5). For the
present (the day in which
the sons of Korah wrote this psalm), the authors urged Mount Zion to be
and the daughters of Jerusalem to rejoice because of God’s judgments –
decrees and statutes contained in the Torah, the Law (Ps. 48:11).
15. In the future there will again be
a. Isaiah 12:6. Isaiah prophesied (Isa. 11-12)
Millennial Kingdom” (Analysis of Isaiah, pp. 9-10). In
order, Isaiah discussed “the character of
the King” (Isa. 11:1-5), “the nature of
the Kingdom” (Isa. 11:6-9), “the
international politics of the
Kingdom” (Isa. 11:10-16), and “Israel’s
Hymn of Joy in the Kingdom” (Isa. 12). Note the
repetition of the phrase
“in” or “on” “that day” (Isa. 11:10, 11;
12:1, 4). The first half
of the hymn focuses
on the thanksgiving of the remnant (Isa. 12:1-3), while the
latter half focuses on
the grateful testimony of the remnant to the nations of the earth (Isa. 12:4-6) (see the
appropriate comments on
this passage in John Martin’s commentary on Isaiah, The
Bible Knowledge Commentary).
Commenting on Isa. 12:4-5, Thomas
Constable writes, "In
the eschatological day, the remnant would give thanks to Yahweh, pray
because of His character revealed in His behavior, and tell the
His deeds” (Dr.
Constable’s Notes on Isaiah,
2009 Edition, p. 62). In that great day in the future, the prophet
“Cry aloud and shout for joy, O inhabitant of Zion, for great in your
the Holy One of Israel” (Isa. 12:6). On that great
day, God’s presence
will be personified in the person of Jesus of Nazareth, the resurrected
reigning King of Israel
and the world. His reign and the conditions He engenders in Israel
and the world will result in exuberant outbursts of joy in Zion!
b. Isaiah 35:10. Isaiah spoke (Isa. 34-35)
of “End-time Judgment
and Blessing” (Analysis of Isaiah, p. 19). The prophet predicted judgment” (Isa. 34), including
disturbances in the Tribulation” (Isa. 34:1-4) and “Judgment
on Edom” (Isa. 34:5-17; see also Isa 63:1-6; Rev.
19:11-21) that will
ultimately turn out to be
Yahweh’s “day of vengeance” and “year of recompense for the cause of
Zion” (Isa. 34:8). This judgment
on Edom, now Jordan,
will serve to illustrate more locally God’s judgment on the entire
the Tribulation. The subject (Isa. 35) jumps from the
devastation of the Tribulation to the blessing
during Messiah’s Millennial Kingdom. Israel
will “be encouraged with Millennial healing, bounty,
and holiness” (Analysis of Isaiah, p. 19). There
will be healing: “the eyes of the blind
will be opened and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. Then the
leap like a deer and the tongue of the mute will shout for joy” (Isa. 35:5-6). There will be
wilderness and desert will be glad” (Isa. 35:1); “waters will
break forth in the
wilderness and streams in the Arabah” (Isa. 35:6). There will be
holiness: There will
be a highway called “the Highway of Holiness,” and “the unclean will
on it … But the redeemed will walk there” (Isa. 35:8-9). This speaks of
who are believers in Jesus as their Messiah and who have
the devastations of the Tribulation. They, the
“redeemed,” will walk on
the “Highway of Holiness” and return to Zion as “the ransomed of the
They will come to Zion with “joyful shouting” and “everlasting joy.”
find gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing will flee away” (Isa. 35:10). This will be
fulfilled in Christ’s Millennial Kingdom. But its
ultimate fulfillment awaits
the descent of New Jerusalem to New Earth (Rev. 21:1-2). It is my
belief that a “Highway of
Holiness” will extend from New Earth
to New Jerusalem. God Himself
will dwell in New Jerusalem among His
people, and He will wipe
away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death;
will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain” (Rev. 21:3-4).
c. Isaiah 51:3, 11;
52:8. Isaiah 51:1-52:12 comprises a unit
in Isaiah which
discusses “The Scope of the Salvation” (Analysis of Isaiah, p. 25) that the
Servant (Christ) will ultimately
provide the remnant of Zion. Part of this salvation will accrue in the
of exiles from Babylon back to Israel.
But some of the language is couched in terms that can only be fulfilled
in the Messiah’s Millennial Kingdom, and ultimately
only in the Messiah’s Eternal Kingdom in New Jerusalem.
i. Yahweh appealed
to the righteous
remnant, reminding them that He had blessed Abraham and Sarah, their
(Isa. 51:1-2). Then the
prophet reminded them,
“Indeed, the LORD will comfort Zion; He will comfort all her waste
her wilderness He will make like Eden, and her desert like the garden
LORD; joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the sound
melody” (Isa. 51:3). Though Yahweh
did indeed comfort
the remnant that returned from the Babylonian exile, the utopian
is most likely yet to be fulfilled in Christ’s Millennial Kingdom.
ii. The prophet
Isaiah reminded Yahweh of
His past deliverance of Israel
from the Egyptian army through the Red Sea (Isa. 51:9-10). He likens that
past deliverance to
a yet future, end-time deliverance. Then, “the ransomed of the LORD
and come with joyful shouting to Zion, and everlasting joy will be on their heads. They will obtain
gladness and joy, and
sorrow and sighing will flee away” (Isa. 51:11). This future
joy was in evidence
when the remnant returned from Babylon. But that joy later ended. The
is described as “everlasting.” The next installment will be the return
to Zion at the Second Coming of the Messiah.
But the ultimate
fulfillment will be the migration of redeemed Israel
to her eternal home, New Jerusalem, and the eternal kingdom.
d. Jeremiah 31:12. Yahweh, who
will gather Israelis from afar from those stronger than they. They will
shout for joy on the height of Mount Zion, exhilarating in the
blessing of Yahweh (Jer. 31:10-12). This prophecy
looks ahead to the
time when, at Christ’s Second Coming, Yahweh will
gather Jewish people
from all over the world to return to Zion (Jer. 31:8-9). The Jewish
returnees to Zion will
be “radiant over the bounty of the LORD,” and “they will never languish
(Jer. 31:12). “Then the
virgin will rejoice in
the dance.” Yahweh “will turn their mourning into joy”; He “will
and give them joy for their sorrow” (Jer. 31:13). Yahweh can
predict this because He
will institute a New Covenant “with the house
and the house of Judah” unlike the Mosaic Covenant which they
repeatedly broke. In this New Covenant Yahweh will
write His laws on their
heart, forgiving their sin. They will all know Yahweh, from the least
to the greatest of them” (Jer. 31:27-34). This joy and
amity with Yahweh has
never been fully realized, even with the Jewish return from exile in
Its next great fulfillment awaits the return of Jesus the Messiah to reign over the
earth. Its final
fulfillment awaits the
ascension of redeemed Jews to the future Mount Zion, situated in the
and prodigious city of New Jerusalem. **
e. Zephaniah 3:14. The prophecy of
largely of judgment. The first three-quarters of the prophecy (Zeph. 1:1 – 3:8) outlines
“Yahweh’s angry, judgmental
destruction of all nations” (Analysis of
Zephaniah, pp. 1-3). Zephaniah 1 paints a
devastating picture of “the
day of the LORD” (Zeph. 1:7, 14). “The near
fulfillment of the ‘Day
of the LORD’ was the judgment of Judah by Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar.
ultimate reference is to the Tribulation” (Analysis of
Zephaniah, p. 1, footnote
1). Indeed, Zephaniah predicts that, “On
the day of the LORD’S wrath,” “all the earth will be devoured in the
His jealousy, for He will make a complete end, indeed a terrifying one,
the inhabitants of the earth” (Zeph. 1:18)! Yahweh will
“gather nations” and
“assemble kingdoms, to pour out on them My indignation, all My burning
for all of the earth will be devoured by the fire of My zeal” (Zeph. 3:8). But then
Zephaniah’s tone abruptly
switches! In the remainder of his prophecy he describes “Yahweh’s
joyful, millennial reign over purified
nations” (Zeph. 3:9-20). He predicts
(Gentiles’) worship and service of Yahweh (Zeph. 3:9-10), Yahweh’s
refinement of Israel
(Zeph. 3:11-13), and the causes
for Millennial rejoicing” (Zeph. 3:14-20) (Analysis of
Zephaniah, pp. 3-4).
Yahweh will leave a righteous remnant in Israel
who “will do no wrong and tell no lies,” and none of their enemies
them tremble” (Zeph. 3:12-13). Therefore the
“daughter of Zion” is
urged to “shout for joy,” and the “daughter of Jerusalem” is urged to
and exult” with all her heart (Zeph. 3:14). Why? Because
Yahweh has taken away
His judgments against her and cleared away her enemies. “The King of Israel,
the LORD,” will be in her midst, and she “will fear disaster no more.”
that day it will be said to Jerusalem, ‘Do not be afraid, O Zion’ …” (Zeph. 3:15-16). There has
never yet been a time in Israel’s
history since her return from Babylonian exile when she has not been
by enemies. The long-term fulfillment of this prophecy awaits the return of Jesus
Christ to sit as “King
the LORD” (Zeph. 3:15) on His throne
in Jerusalem during
His Millennial reign. Then the
nations of the earth will
stream to Mount Zion “the mountain of the house of the LORD” so that King Jesus
may teach them concerning His ways. The earth’s nations will “hammer
swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will
lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war” (Isa. 2:2-4). The next great
Zion’s joy will emanate from the peaceful rule of Jesus Christ over the
during the Millennium. The ultimate
fulfillment will be His
reign with His Father in New Jerusalem in the eternal kingdom.
f. Zechariah 2:10. Zechariah is
the prophecy about “Israel’s
Prophetic Future” (Analysis of
Zechariah). Zechariah 1:7 –
6:15 consists of a
series of visions and
symbolism (Analysis, pp. 1-4). In
his third vision the
prophet witnessed a man with a measuring line (Zech. 2:1-13). The vision
speaks of a “Return to
Safety and Joy!” (Analysis, p. 2). As with
there is at least a dual time referent. In the short-term, the prophecy
anticipates a return from Babylonian exile (Zech. 2:7). That return
has been fulfilled. But
the prophecy employs language that has not yet been fulfilled. Let us
some of these instances.
i. An angel
instructed another angel to
tell Zechariah that “Jerusalem will be inhabited without walls.” The
will be that Yahweh Himself “will be a wall of fire around her,” and He
be the glory in her midst” (Zech. 2:4-5). It has been
centuries since Yahweh
lived in Zion. But when Jesus returns to earth to reign from Zion,
indeed be glory in Zion (Isa. 24:23; 58:8;
59:19; 60:1-2, 19;
62:2; 66:18-19). Some
of these passages speak of Jesus’ reign from
Jerusalem on the present
earth, while others
speak of an ultimate fulfillment in New Jerusalem in the Eternal Kingdom. Note in
particular God’s fiery
protection of Jerusalem upon this present earth after Christ’s
one-thousand-year reign (Rev. 20:1-9). Note also
passages in Isaiah which
find their parallel in the eternal New Jerusalem in connection
with New Earth (Isa. 24:23;
60:19-20, cf. Rev.
ii. Yahweh exhorted,
“Sing for joy and be
glad, O daughter of Zion, for behold I am coming and I will dwell in
(Zech. 2:10). Must
place WordExplain links from here on.
know that Yahweh filled Solomon’s temple with His presence upon its
As soon as the priests had finished placing the ark of the covenant
holy place, the cloud of the glory of the God of Israel filled the
Yahweh and the priests “could not stand to minister” (1 Kings 8:6-11).
later Ezekiel recorded his vision of the abominable idolatry of the
Judah (Ezek. 8:1-16). Because of
insurrection, Yahweh promised He would deal with them in His wrath
(Ezek. 8:17-18). In one of the
saddest passages of
Scripture, Yahweh withdrew His presence from the temple and from the
glory of God went up from the (model) cherub to the threshold of the
temple (Ezek. 9:3; 10:4).
glory of God departed from the threshold of the temple and stood over
(real) cherubim and their “chariot.” God was preparing to move out of
(real) cherubim departed and stood at the edge of the temple and the
Yahweh hovered over them (Ezek. 10:18-19).
cherubim, accompanied by the glory of the God of Israel,
departed from the city and stood over the mountain east of the city (Ezek. 11:12-13). This would
most likely be the Mount
of Olives. It is no accident that Jesus departed from this world from
of Olives to ascend to His Father. Or that angels at Jesus’ ascension
gazing apostles that Jesus would return just as they had seen Him go (Acts 1:9-12). Or that the
prophet Zechariah (Zech. 14:3-4) predicted that
the Messiah would
descend from heaven to the Mount of Olives to rescue Israel
from her international adversaries! (Charles Dyer, Ezekiel, The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Vol. 1).
which Ezekiel witnessed in visions actually came to pass. God did
presence from Solomon’s temple. The Babylonians destroyed both the
the city of Jerusalem in 586 BC. Even though the book of Ezra
records the rebuilding of the post-exilic temple, there is no record of
presence entering that temple (Ezra 6:14-18). In the Gospels
there is no evidence
that God’s glory was ever displayed in Herod’s temple. Jesus Himself
in the temple on several occasions, but whereas He displayed His
did not display His glory, and He certainly did not dwell there (Matt. 21:12-13;
Mark 11:15-17; Luke
19:45-48; John 2:13-17).
appears that Yahweh’s exhortation to the daughter of Zion to sing for
He will dwell in her midst (Zech. 2:10) will not be
fulfilled until Jesus
resides in Jerusalem and the glory of Yahweh once again fills the Millennial Temple (Ezek. 43:1-5). Note that the
witnessed in his vision (Ezek. 40:1-46:24) cannot possibly
refer to a temple in
New Jerusalem, for none will
ever exist there. The
Lord God Almighty and the Lamb will constitute the temple in New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:22). That leaves
only the Millennium as a suitable
era for Ezekiel’s
iii. “Many nations
will join themselves to
the LORD in that day and will become My people. Then I will dwell in
midst, and you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you. The
will possess Judah as His people in the holy land, and will again
Jerusalem. Be silent, all flesh, before the LORD, for He is aroused
holy habitation” (Zech. 2:11-13). This prophecy
looks to the future
when the following conditions will be true in Zion:
will be inhabited without walls because of the multitude of men and
within it” (Zech. 2:4). This cannot
refer to New Jerusalem, where an
enormous wall with twelve
gates is an outstanding feature of the city (Rev. 21:12-21, 25).
will be a time when Yahweh is a “wall of fire around her” and “the
glory in her
midst” (Zech. 2:5). This cannot
refer to any time
subsequent to Israel’s return from the
Babylonian exile, for
Jerusalem has routinely come under attack and God’s glory has never
there. Neither can it refer to New Jerusalem, for no enemies
will exist there.
of Troops (the LORD of hosts) will have sent the (Messianic) speaker
the nations who plunder Israel
(Zech. 2:8). The Messiah has not returned
judgment against Israel’s plunderers.
nations who plundered Judah will themselves become plunder for Judah (Zech. 2:9). Israel’s
plunderers have not become a plunder for Israel.
will cause Israel to know that Yahweh has sent the speaker (Zech. 2:9). Israel
does not yet know her Messiah.
daughter of Zion is to rejoice because the speaker will come to dwell
midst. (Zech. 2:10). Jesus, the
speaker, does not yet
dwell in Zion.
speaker identifies himself with Yahweh (Zech. 2:10). Jesus is both
God and man at the
same time. He will fill this requirement, but He has not yet reappeared.
that day” many nations will attach themselves to Yahweh, the God of Israel
and will become His people (Zech. 2:11). Though many
nations have today
attached themselves to Yahweh and become His people, Yahweh is not
dwelling in Israel’s midst.
speaker will dwell in the midst of the people of Israel
(Zech. 2:11). Jesus is not
presently dwelling in
will know that Yahweh of Troops has sent the speaker to Israel
(Zech. 2:11). Israel
does not know Yahweh has sent Jesus.
11. Yahweh “will
possess Judah as His
portion in the holy land, and will again choose Jerusalem” (Zech. 2:12). Though in the
last sixty plus years
Israel has become a
nation, it is extremely
questionable whether Judah is Yahweh’s portion and whether Yahweh has
chosen Jerusalem. This is questionable because many Gentiles presently
land and Israel cannot even
build her own temple for
Yahweh; also because Israel
does not presently believe in Jesus as her Messiah.
12. When will these
only person who can fulfill the role of the speaker is the Messiah, Jesus.
does not know that Yahweh has sent her Messiah. So Christ’s
present reign in heaven cannot
fulfill this prophecy.
nations are still plundering Israel
and will do so even more until Jesus returns (see Zech. 12:1-9;
d. New Jerusalem cannot fulfill all the features of this prophecy because
an enormous wall will be
a distinctive feature of that city
(Rev. 21:12-21, 25), while this
passage states there
will be no wall (Zech. 2:4).
Christ’s Second Coming, all
these conditions will be met. Jesus will return to the present earth
destroy those who are plundering Israel
14:3-4, 9; Ezek.
39:17-29; Rev. 19:11-21).
The wealth of the nations will come to Israel
(Isa. 60:5, 11;
61:6; Hag. 2:7; Zech.
14:13-14). The land
will be holy to the Lord (Zech. 2:12;
14:20-21), and Jesus will
reign as King of the
entire earth (Zech. 14:9). He will be a
glory in Jerusalem (Isa. 60:1, 19-20); He will dwell
in Jerusalem, and
there will be great joy and gladness in Jerusalem (Zech. 2:10).
the best explanation of all these features is to say that there will be
gladness in Jerusalem during Christ’s Millennial Kingdom (Rev. 20:1-6) prior to the destruction of
the existing cosmos and the creation
of New Heaven and New Earth, the eternal
cosmos, which will
feature New Jerusalem as its capital
city (Rev. 21-22).
course the ultimate fulfillment of many of the features mentioned above
will take place in New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:1-22:5).
16. Yahweh will roar from Zion.
a. Amos 1:2. Yahweh roared
from Zion and brought
judgment on surrounding nations and on Israel
(the northern kingdom) and Judah (the southern kingdom) alike (Amos 1-2).
b. Joel 3:16. Yahweh will
draw all the nations of
the world into the land of Israel,
where He will destroy them for their wickedness as He roars from Zion (Joel 3:1-16). After that
massive victory, the
people of Israel will know that
Jesus is Yahweh come
in the flesh, dwelling in the Temple on Mount Zion, His holy mountain
holy city of Jerusalem (Joel 3:17).
17. Vengeance is to be levied against
enemies of Zion. Vengeance is decreed upon Babylon, Edom,
and Greece. The vengeance
against Babylon was fulfilled historically with the invasion of Babylon
Medes and Persians in 539 B.C. However, there is a future judgment
Babylon that is yet to be fulfilled (Rev. 14:8; 16:19;
a. Isaiah 34:8. Yahweh “has a
day of vengeance” and
“a year of recompense for the cause of Zion.”
indignation and wrath will
lash out at all the earth’s nations and their armies. The earth’s
be slain on the mountains, and the sun and the stars will convulse in the
heavens (Isa. 34:1-8). The time frame
is the great Tribulation
(see Rev. 6:12-13;
ii. Yahweh’s sword
target Bozrah and Edom, a city and region presently comprising a
portion of the
modern day nation of Jordan. The land of Edom will be utterly ruined
uninhabited by man from generation to generation (Isa. 34:9-17).
b. Jeremiah 50:28-29. Because of
mistreatment of Israel,
Yahweh pronounced terrible judgment on her. In fulfillment of this
Yahweh would wreak vengeance on Babylon on account of Zion and His
which the Babylonians had destroyed. As Babylon had done to Israel,
so it would be done to Babylon.
i. This prophecy was
historically in the demise of Babylon at the hands of the Medes and the
Persians (Dan. 5:1-31).
ii. It serves as a
perpetual reminder that
all who oppose Zion are doomed to destruction.
c. Jeremiah 51:8-11. Judgment is
decreed upon Babylon.
Jewish people will declare in Zion that Yahweh has vindicated Israel
because of His destruction of Babylon. God will use the Medes to
d. Jeremiah 51:24, 35. Yahweh will
repay Babylon and the
inhabitants of Chaldea for all the evil they have committed in Zion.
inhabitants of Zion will say, “May the violence committed on us return
O Babylon” (author’s paraphrase).
e. Joel 3:16-21. Yahweh will
roar from Zion against
all the nations that have invaded Israel,
for He dwells in Zion. All will come to know this. Egypt will become a
and Edom a desolate wilderness because they have shed innocent blood.
and Jerusalem will be inhabited forever. Yahweh will avenge Jewish
spilled, for He dwells in Zion! This refers to the time following the
events of the Tribulation (Joel 3:1-15).
f. Zechariah 9:13. Yahweh will
stir up the sons of Zion
against the sons of Greece.
will wage war to protect Zion.
i. Isaiah 31:4-5, 9. As a lion
devouring a sheep is
undeterred by the cries of the shepherds, so Yahweh will not be
waging war on Mount Zion to protect its citizens. The invading
fall by the sword of God, not man, for Yahweh’s fire is in Zion and His
is in Jerusalem! This was fulfilled historically when the Angel of Yahweh smote 185,000
preparing to invade Jerusalem (Isaiah 36-37).
ii. Isaiah 34:1-8. Yahweh is
indignant against all
nations of the world and their armies. He will slay their armies and
mountains with their blood. He will cause great disturbances among the
the heavens. He will single out Bozrah and Edom (in the modern day
Jordan) for a great slaughter. This will come to pass because Yahweh
has a day of
vengeance and a year of recompense for the cause of Zion! This prophecy
fulfilled ultimately in the Tribulation
iii. Joel 3:16-17. Yahweh will
roar from Zion, and He
will be a refuge for His people. Then Israel
will know that Yahweh is her God, and that He dwells on Zion, His holy
doom of all nations who wage war against Zion.
i. Isaiah 29:5-8. Yahweh will
punish Ariel (Jerusalem)
with invading enemy nations (Isa. 29:1-4). But Yahweh of
Troops will pulverize
and dismay the multitude of nations who wage war against Mount Zion (Isa. 29:5-8).
ii. Isaiah 34:1-8. Yahweh is
indignant against all
nations of the world and their armies. He will slay their armies and
mountains with their blood. He will cause great disturbances among the
the heavens. He will single out Bozrah and Edom (in the modern day
Jordan) for a great slaughter. This will come to pass because Yahweh
has a day
of vengeance and a year of recompense for the cause of Zion! This
be fulfilled ultimately in the Tribulation
period. It also looks at the demise of the nations who rebel against
Jesus and His
administration at the close of the Millennium, after Satan has
been released from
the Abyss (Rev. 20:7-10).
iii. Micah 4:11-13. There are many
nations who have
gloated over the demise of Zion. But they do not understand that Yahweh
draw them to Israel that the
“daughter of Zion” might
pulverize them like straw on the threshing floor! Then Israel
will devote the conquered nations’ wealth to the service of Jesus, the
all the earth!
18. God will be supreme in Zion over
nations of the Earth.
a. Psalm 99:2. Yahweh is great
in Zion and He is
exalted over all the peoples of the earth! They are to praise His great
awesome name (Psalm 99:3)!
b. Psalm 102:15-16. The time will
come when all the
nations of the earth will fear the name of Yahweh, and earth’s kings
humbled before His glory. This will be true because the time will come
Yahweh will have built up Zion and Jesus will have appeared in all His
Yahweh will free the prisoners and men will praise the name of Yahweh
and Jerusalem. This will take place when the earth’s kingdoms and
gathered together in Jerusalem to serve Yahweh and King Jesus (Psalm 102:19-22).
c. Isaiah 60:14. “The sons of
those who afflicted you
will come bowing to you, and all those who despised you will bow
the soles of your feet; and they will call you the city of the LORD,
of the Holy One of Israel.”
i. Foreigners will
build Zion’s walls and
their kings will serve her. Zion’s gates will be open around the clock
people may bring the wealth of nations into her, their kings led in
procession (Isa. 60:5, 10-11).
ii. Nations who do
not serve Zion will
perish, utterly destroyed (Isa. 60:12).
iii. Zion will be an
everlasting pride, and
will extract the wealth of nations and their kings from around the
so, the people of Zion will know that Jesus is their Redeemer and
Savior (Isa. 60:15-16).
d. Obadiah 1:15-21. The “Day of
Yahweh” will draw near
on all the nations. See the author’s Analysis of Obadiah, entitled, “The Downfall of
i. Just as all
nations have defiled
Yahweh’s holy mountain, so it will be done to them. They will become as
they had never existed (Obad. 1:15-16).
ii. Yet there will be
Jewish people who
survive on Mount Zion, and it will be holy. A fire will come from Jacob
consume the house of Esau in Edom (a portion of modern day Jordan) (Obad. 1:17-18).
iii. Israelis will
possess the mountain of
Esau (a portion of modern day Jordan), the Gaza strip, all of the “West
and the northern territory of Canaan (Obad. 1:19-20).
iv. “The deliverers
will ascend Mount Zion
to judge the mountain of Esau, and the kingdom will be the LORD’s” (Obad. 1:21) because Jesus
will reign from Mount
Zion over the entire world.
e. Micah 4:2, 7-8,
10-11, 13. Zion will be
the World Capital and
Zion’s enemies will be pulverized.
i. In the last days
the Temple on Mount
Zion will be established as the Chief Seat of Government of all the
the entire world. Peoples and nations from all over the world will
the House of God on Mount Zion in Jerusalem and ask God-King Jesus to
them His ways so they can walk in His paths. The ultimate Law will go
from Mount Zion and the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem (Mic. 4:1-2).
ii. Jesus will judge
between many peoples
and make international decisions for distant nations. So effective will
regime be that the nations around the world will dispense with military
and citizens will live without fear on their own private property (Mic. 4:3-4).
iii. Yahweh will
assemble Israeli outcasts
from around the world and forge them into a strong nation, and Jesus
over them forever on Mount Zion (Mic. 4:6-8).
iv. Though in time
the inhabitants of Zion
have been punished for their sins and deported to foreign countries
Babylon, Yahweh will inevitably redeem Israel
from her enemies (Mic. 4:9-10).
v. Woe to the
nations who gloat over
Zion’s temporary demise – the daughter of Zion will thresh them and
wealth will be devoted to Jesus, the Lord of all the earth (Mic. 4:11-13).
19. Jesus is vitally connected with
will lay in Zion a cornerstone.
i. Isaiah 28:16. Adonay Yahweh
will lay a costly cornerstone
in Zion. There is a lengthy section of
woes against Israel and Judah, the Northern and Southern Kingdoms (Isa. 28-35), but
woes are tempered with blessing. The first chapter in this section (Isaiah 28)
pronounces woe against the
proud ruling drunkards of Ephraim, meaning Samaria (Analysis of Isaiah, beginning p.
16). The sub-section of Isa. 28:9-22 amounts to a
“judgment against the
mocking rulers in Jerusalem: As the people mock Isaiah’s words, so God
mock Israel with tongues
(words) of foreign
speech.” Tucked away in that sub-section is this wonderful prophecy
Isaiah from Adonay Yahweh: “Therefore thus says the Lord GOD, ‘Behold,
laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, a costly cornerstone for the
foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be
disturbed’” (Isa. 28:16). Jewish people
of Isaiah’s day could
deduce several things: 1) Adonay Yahweh would one day do something in
meaning Jerusalem, the capital of Israel.
2) He would firmly lay a cornerstone for the very foundation of the
itself. 3) This cornerstone would come at great cost to someone, here
4) It would be necessary for people to place their faith in this
5) Those who place their faith in this cornerstone will remain
Presumably those who do not exercise faith in this cornerstone will be
disturbed. With the hindsight of 2700 years, we can detect what or who
cornerstone is. What do the writers of the New Testament say?
ii. Romans 9:33. God would lay
in Zion a stone of
stumbling and a rock of offense. He who believes in Him will not be
Romans 9:30-33, Paul wrote that
the Gentiles, while
not pursuing righteousness, “attained righteousness, even the
is by faith; but Israel,
pursuing a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law. Why,
did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works. They
stumbled over the
stumbling stone, just as it is written, ‘Behold, I lay in Zion a stone
stumbling and a rock of offense, and he who believes in him will not be
disappointed.’” In his OT quotation, Paul combined texts from both Isaiah 28:16 and
Paul spoke of this “stone,” to whom was he referring? In the next
section (Rom. 10:1-4), he prays to
God for Israel’s
salvation. He acknowledged their zeal for God, but said that it was a
without a sufficient knowledge base. They did not know about God’s
righteousness, and they endeavored to establish their own. In so doing,
did not submit themselves to the righteousness of God. The truth, he
that “Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who
(Rom. 10:4). Clearly Paul
understood that costly
cornerstone to refer to Jesus Christ. The Jewish people have largely
over that stone. But everyone who has placed his faith in Him has not
disappointed, whether he is Jewish or Gentile. For an overview of the
thought (Romans 9-11), see the
author’s Analysis of
Paul’s Letter to the Romans, pp. 32-46.
iii. 1 Peter 2:6. In the second chapter of his first
letter (1 Pet. 2), Peter spoke of
his readers as coming to the Lord “as to a living stone which has been
by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God” (1 Pet. 2:4). Using that
same metaphor, he refers
to them as “living stones” who “are being built up as a spiritual
in which they as “a holy priesthood” could offer up “spiritual
which God would accept through Jesus Christ (1 Pet. 2:5). He then
documents the correctness
of the theology in his metaphor by quoting from the Old Testament:
lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, and he who
believes in Him
will not be disappointed” (1 Pet. 2:6). Peter quoted
from Isaiah 28:16. Clearly Peter
Christ as the costly corner stone that Adonay Yahweh had predicted He
in Zion. Peter went on to point out that, for all who believe in Jesus,
Stone, He becomes a precious value (1 Pet. 2:7a). But for those
who refuse to believe
in Him, “the stone which the builders rejected, this became the very
stone,” and it became a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence” (1 Pet. 2:7b-8, quoting from Psa. 118:22). Clearly, for
the nation of Israel,
this is exactly what happened. Israel
as a nation rejected Jesus as her Messiah,
but God has made Him the chief cornerstone anyway. But those who have
in Him have not been disappointed!
redeemer will come to Zion and will remove sins.
i. Isaiah 59:20-21. Isaiah speaks
of the criteria for
God’s blessing (Isa. 58-59). He states
that, if Israel
is to be blessed, the nation must deal with its sin (Isa. 59). In Isaiah 59:15b-21 he outlines
Yahweh’s own plan to
bring justice and salvation. Since no man was able, Yahweh Himself
salvation (Isa. 59:15-17). “A Redeemer
will come to Zion, and
to those who turn from transgression in Jacob,” declares the LORD. “As
for Me, this is My
covenant with them,” says
the LORD: “My Spirit
which is upon you, and My words which I have put in your mouth shall
from your mouth, nor from the mouth of your offspring, nor from the
your offspring’s offspring,” says the LORD, “from now and forever” (Isa. 59:20-21). That Redeemer
is none other than
Jesus of Nazareth, God-come-in-the-flesh. His people rejected Him, and
to pay for their sins. When He returns to Zion, many Jewish people will
turn to Him, and be saved from their sins (Zech. 12:10-13:1;
Rom. 11:26-27). It is the New Covenant that guarantees
ii. Romans 11:26-27. In the dispensational portion of his letter, Paul
righteousness in setting aside national Israel
in order to save the earth’s other nations (Gentiles) (Rom. 9-11). (See author’s Analysis of Romans, pp. 32-46.) In the last chapter of the section (Romans 11) Paul praises
God’s merciful wisdom in
temporarily casting away National Israel
to save the nations (see Analysis,
p. 39-46). (a) In this chapter he first notes the incompleteness of
being cast away – there has always been a remnant (Rom. 11:1-10). (b) Next, he
states the dual
purpose of national Israel’s
being cast away – Gentile salvation and Jewish jealousy (Rom. 11:11-16). (c) Then he
delivers a warning to
the nations in light of national Israel’s
being cast away (Rom. 11:17-22): if God did not
spare national Israel
in her unbelief, He certainly won’t spare the nations in their
either! (d) Next, in the paragraph of particular interest to us (Analysis,
pp. 43-45), he predicts a reversal of national Israel’s
being cast away – total national salvation (Rom. 11:23-32)! In this
paragraph Paul declares
“that a partial hardening has happened to Israel
until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in” (Rom. 11:25). By this he
meant that the Gentiles
– nations of the world – will maintain their dominant influence over
the world for
a length of time until God terminates their influence. We are presently
in that era. (Jesus Himself stated that Jerusalem would be “trampled
by the Gentiles until the times of the
fulfilled” (Luke 21:24). Even though
Jewish people now
reside in Jerusalem, they meet international resistance when they build
settlements in their own capital city. Furthermore, the Temple Mount is
occupied by a Muslim shrine and mosque.) But then Paul states a
– after “the fullness of the Gentiles has come in” (Rom. 11:25), “all Israel
will be saved” (Rom. 11:26)! Paul then
documents his assertion
from Scripture, quoting from Isaiah 59:20-21: “The Deliverer
will come from Zion, He
will remove ungodliness from Jacob.
This is My covenant with
them, when I take away their sins” (Rom. 11:26-27). Historically,
Jesus the Christ did
die for the sins of Israel
(and the world) in Zion. But national Israel
remains in unbelief. Doubtless the time is coming when Jesus will
Zion (Zech. 14:4) and will bring
repentance to Israel
(Zech. 12:10-13:1). He will gather
together from all over the world (Isa. 11:11-16;
49:22-23; 60:4, 9; Ezek. 20:33-34, 41-44; 36:24-36; Hos. 3:4-5). He will remove
the rebels (Ezek. 20:33-38). There will be
and national salvation (Ezek. 16:60-63;
redeemed Israel will assume its
God-ordained role as leader of all the
nations (Isa. 60:10-14;
61:5,7-9; 66:23) under the
global rule of Messiah
Jesus (Isa. 2:1-4; Zech.
What a glorious time that will be!
will be a return to Zion.
a. Isaiah 37:32. In the
fourteenth year of the reign
of King Hezekiah over Judah, Sennacherib, King of Assyria, seized
cities of Judah and threatened to capture Jerusalem (Isa. 36:1-22). King Hezekiah
took his dilemma to
God and prayed in the temple (Isa. 37:1-20). Through the
prophet Isaiah, Yahweh
revealed that He would repulse the attack by Assyria (Isa. 37:21-35). Tucked away in
against Assyria is a prediction about a remnant of Judah. There would
surviving remnant in Judah. A remnant would “go forth” out of Judah,
would be survivors out of Mount Zion. The zeal of Yahweh of Troops
perform this (Isa. 37:31-32). This prophecy
has been fulfilled
historically (Isa. 37:33-38). But I also
believe there are
prophetic overtones for the future. There will be a yet future return to Zion.
b. Isaiah 46:13. God will grant
salvation in Zion and
His glory in Israel. In the face of
captivity, Isaiah belittled the gods of Babylon, who must be carried
place to place (Isa. 46:1-2, 6-7). Yet God
Himself would carry the
“house of Jacob,” “the remnant of Israel” (Isa. 46:3-4). The
incomparable God (Isa. 46:5, 8-10) would call “a
bird of prey from the
east,” Cyrus, King of Persia, who would defeat Babylon and “grant
Zion,” and bring about God’s “glory for Israel” (Isa. 46:11-13). Isaiah wrote
his prophecy between
740 and 680 B.C. Yet, by means of supernatural revelation from God, he
Cyrus by name more than a century before his appearance (Isa. 44:28; 45:1). Cyrus defeated
Babylon in 539 B.C.,
and it was Cyrus who, in the first year of his reign (538 B.C.), issued
edict authorizing Jewish exiles to return to Israel
and rebuild the Jewish temple (2 Chron.
36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-11). God did indeed
display His glory in
this mighty return from
captivity (Isa. 46:13), but once the
foundation of the
temple was laid, older exiles wept (Ezra 3:7-13) because the
glory of the
reconstructed temple did not live up to the glory of Solomon’s temple (Hag. 1:14 – 2:3). Yet Yahweh
Joshua the high priest, and the people of the land to take courage. In
while, Yahweh of Troops will shake the heavens, the earth, the sea, the
land, and all nations (Hag. 2:4-7). (Yahweh seems
to refer to the
massive upheavals of the Tribulation period, Daniel’s
Seventieth Week (Isa. 13:6-13;
24:1-6; 26:20-21; 34:4; Jer.
30:5-7; Ezek. 32:7-8; Dan. 9:27; Joel 2:10, 30-31; 3:12-15; Matt.
6-18).) Yahweh will
“shake all the nations” so that they bring their wealth to subsidize
the Millennial Temple with
silver and gold that
belongs to Yahweh anyway! Then the “latter glory” of the Millennial Temple (Ezek. 40:1-46:24) will far exceed
the former glory of
Solomon’s Temple. There will be peace in Israel
and peace in the entire world (Hag. 2:7-9; cf.
Isa. 2:1-4; 9:6-7;
11:1-10; 66:10-13). So
the “salvation in Zion” and the “glory for Israel” (Isa. 46:13) still await
more magnificent and
complete fulfillment, the thousand-year,
peaceful reign of Jesus
Christ in Jerusalem.
complete fulfillment of Isaiah 46:13 requires a yet
future return of the
Jewish people to Israel and the
rebuilding of a yet future
temple whose glory will exceed the minimal glory of Zerubbabel’s
c. Isaiah 52:1-12. Captive Zion
will be redeemed and purified
from the uncircumcised and the unclean. Zion will be beautified, holy,
empowered. Jewish people will be redeemed from captivity, and in Zion
be said that “Yahweh reigns!” All nations from all over the globe will
salvation of the God of Israel.
This passage is an emphatically Zionist passage in the prophecy of
the name Zion appears four times in just a few verses (Isa. 52:1, 2, 7, 8). In the first
six verses (Isa. 52:1-6), Yahweh urges
Zion, here a synonym
for Jerusalem, Israel’s capital city (Isa. 52:1-2), “to clothe
herself with strength
preparatory to her release from exile among God-blaspheming nations” (Analysis of Isaiah, p. 25).
Historically, this return
from exile took place following the Babylonian captivity. But that was
partial return. Then as now,
most Jewish people remained
dispersed around the world. Ultimately, as the rest of this passage
that Babylonian return was a
down-payment on a yet larger
and more significant return – a return
in connection with the Second Coming of the Jewish
Messiah. This is borne
out in the next section, which anticipates the yet future time when
be a “beautiful proclamation upon the mountains of the good news of
redemptive, salvatory reign in Zion” (Isa. 52:7-10) (see Analysis of Isaiah, p. 26). When
the proclaimer of good news says to Zion,
“Your God reigns!” (Isa. 52:7) – he is
describing the yet future
time when Yahweh, in Jesus, “will be king
over all the earth,” and Yahweh’s supremacy will be unchallenged (Zech. 14:9). This will be
the time of ecstatic
joy when Yahweh restores Zion (Isa. 52:8) and redeems
Jerusalem (Isa. 52:9). This will be
the yet future time
when God supremely flexes His mighty and holy arm “in the sight of all
nations, that all the ends of the earth may see the salvation of our
God” (Isa. 52:10). This prophecy
of the restoration
and empowerment of Zion cannot possibly have been fulfilled completely at any time in the past. It
awaits a yet future fulfillment, when no longer will there be any
or unclean who desecrate the holy city of Jerusalem (Isa. 52:1-2). This passage
near-at-hand Millennial Reign of Jesus Christ,
and the more remote
perfection of New Jerusalem in connection
with New Earth. That future
perfection will have
been preceded by the sacrificial, atoning sacrifice of the Jewish Messiah, the Servant of
prophesied in graphic detail in the next section of Isaiah (Isa. 52:13 – 53:12). This was
fulfilled in Jesus at His
first Advent, when He came to die to save His people from their sins (Matt. 1:18-21) and the world
from their sins (John 1:29, 36;
Rev. 5:6-10; 7:9-14).
d. Jeremiah 3:14. Yahweh will
bring a remnant of
Jewish people back to Zion. In this chapter (Jeremiah 3) Yahweh brought a
charge of treachery
and harlotry against both the house of Israel and of Judah (Jer. 3:1-11, 20). Yahweh pled
with the sons of Israel
to return to Him (Jer. 3:12-14). “Return, O
declares the LORD; “for I am a master to you, and I will take you one
city and two from a family, and I will bring you back to Zion” (Jer. 3:14). So Yahweh
promised that, when the faithless
sons of Israel begin to return,
He will bring a remnant back to Zion. Ultimately, they will return
(Jer. 3:15-18). Yahweh
anticipated a time when He
would give them “shepherds” (rulers) “after My own heart” (Jer. 3:15), language that
speaks of a bona fide
descendant of David (1 Sam. 13:13-14;
2 Sam. 7:16; Luke
1:31-33). The people
will multiply and increase in the land of Israel, and they will no
the ark of the covenant of Yahweh (Jer. 3:16). That will be
true because “they
will call Jerusalem ‘the throne of the LORD’” (Jer. 3:17). So at that
future day all thought
of the ark of the covenant, formerly hidden in the temple, will be a
memory. Why? Because Yahweh Himself, in the person of Jesus Christ,
sitting on His throne in the Millennial Temple, and He
“will dwell among the
sons of Israel forever” (Ezek. 43:1-7;
Zech. 14:9; Luke
1:31-33; Rev. 20:4-6; 21:2-3; 22:3-5).
All the nations of the earth, moreover, will be gathered to Jerusalem
worship Jesus, whose name means “Yahweh is Salvation” (Isa. 2:1-4; 56:7;
Jer. 3:17; Micah
4:1-3; Zech. 14:9, 16-19; Luke 1:31-33).
The Gentiles, along with the sons of Israel,
will no longer walk in “the stubbornness of their evil heart” (Jer. 3:17). And in those
days, the house of
Israel and the house of Judah will be united, and they will return
to the land of Israel, the land that God had given to their fathers as
inheritance, from the north (Jer. 3:18). One can easily
see that not nearly
all these conditions have been realized in past history. Therefore this
is still future.
21. God will comfort Zion.
was a time when there was no comfort
i. Lamentations 1:17. The Babylonian
army laid siege to
Jerusalem in 588 B.C. They finally breached the wall and conquered the
586 B.C., deporting most of the survivors to Babylon. Jeremiah the
witnessed this and wrote the Book of
Lamentations as a sad
memorial. Though Zion
searches for comfort, none can be found. Jerusalem has become an
abomination among her adversaries as commanded by Yahweh Himself.
ii. Lamentations 2:13. The name Zion
appears seven times in
the second chapter (Lamentations 2), more than in
any other chapter of
the book. Yahweh has angrily covered the daughter (people) of Zion with
(Lam. 2:1). Like an
adversary, Yahweh has
poured out his wrath like fire in the tent of the daughter of Zion (Lam. 2:4). With His
destruction of the temple at
the hands of Babylon, Yahweh has caused feast days and Sabbath days to
forgotten in Zion (Lam. 2:6). Yahweh
determined to destroy the
wall around the perimeter of the daughter of Zion (Lam. 2:8). The elders of
the daughter of Zion
sit silently on the ground in great grief (Lam. 2:10). Jeremiah tried
in vain to comfort
the virgin daughter of Zion, but he could not, for her ruin was as vast
sea (Lam. 2:13). So the broken
wall encompassing the
people (daughter) of Zion was urged to let its tears run down like a
and night (Lam. 2:18).
b. Isaiah 30:19. There will come
a time when the
people of Zion, the inhabitants of Jerusalem will weep no more.
c. Isaiah 51:3. Yahweh will yet
comfort Zion and her
waste places. He will make her wilderness like Eden and her desert like
garden of the LORD. Joy, gladness, thanksgiving, and the sound of music
once again be heard in her.
d. Isaiah 61:3. The final seven chapters of Isaiah (Isa.
60-66) comprise a
marvelous section in
Isaiah predicting “The Glory of the Kingdom” (Analysis of Isaiah, pp. 27-30). The first part of that section (Isaiah 60) speaks of “The
Glory of Israel
in the Millennial Kingdom” (Analysis,
pp. 27-28); the next chapter (Isaiah 61) outlines “The
Blessings of the Messiah”
(Analysis, p. 28); and the next (Isaiah 62) underscores “The
Inevitability of Israel’s
Millennial Glory (Analysis,
p. 28). Isaiah 61:1-3 speaks of “the
anointed Messiah in His First and Second
p. 28). In the synagogue at Nazareth, Jesus read aloud Isaiah 61:1-2a and applied it
to Himself (Luke 4:16-21). It is obvious
that the following
lines applied to Jesus and His ministry at His First Advent: “The Spirit of
the Lord GOD is upon
me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the
has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to
freedom to prisoners; to proclaim the favorable year of the LORD” (Isa. 61:1-2a). Jesus broke
off the reading in the
middle of a sentence. Why? Because the next few lines of the prophecy
apply to His Second Advent: “…and the day
of vengeance of our
God; to comfort all who mourn, to grant those who mourn in Zion, giving
garland instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the
of praise instead of a spirit of fainting. So they will be called oaks
righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified” (Isa. 61:2b-3). It will be at
Jesus’ Second Advent that, anointed
by the Spirit of God,
He will help execute “the day of vengeance of our God” (Rev. 19:11-21;
Matt. 25:31-33, 41-45;
Rev. 20:7-15); He
will “comfort all [those believers, even Gentiles] who mourn,” and He
“grant those who mourn in Zion” the following: “a garland instead of
“gladness instead of mourning,” “praise instead of … fainting” (Isa. 61:2-3; cf.
Isa. 25:6-8; 57:18;
Jer. 31:13; Matt. 5:4; Rev. 21:1-4).
e. Zechariah 1:17. Because of the
rebellion of the Jewish people, Yahweh of Troops was indignant for
years with Jerusalem and the cities of Judah (Zech. 1:12). Yet Yahweh of
Troops stated His
jealousy for Jerusalem and Zion (Zech. 1:13-14). He would
“return to Jerusalem with
compassion”; His house (temple) would again be built in it; His cities
again “overflow with prosperity,” and Yahweh would “again comfort Zion
again choose Jerusalem” (Zech. 1:16-17). This prophecy
was fulfilled when
the exiles returned from Babylonian captivity and rebuilt the temple
city. But from AD 70 to 1948, the nation of Israel,
for all practical purposes, vanished from the promised land of Canaan.
nation has been resurrected now for over sixty years, but the people
cannot build their own Temple on their own Temple Mount, and they do
recognize their own Messiah.
It will not be long before Jesus returns to the Mount of Olives,
enemies, reigns upon His throne in Zion, rebuilds His Temple, and
to His people and to all who place their trust in Him (Zech. 14:1-9;
Isa. 2:1-4; 11:1-11;
Isa. 25:6-8; Ezek. 40:1-46:24).
is God a Zionist? The answer is a resounding, “Yes!” Zion is His
Mount Zion is His favorite mountain, and the people of Zion are His
people. God has plans to draw the people of Zion back to the land. He
out the rebels among them and the rest will mourn over their Messiah,
have pierced. When Jesus, the Jewish Messiah returns, the Jewish people
anoint Him as their King. He will establish Zion as the world’s
peoples will stream to Zion to learn of Jesus’ laws and to implement
wisdom. God has been a Zionist for millennia, and He will continue to
Zionist into eternity in New Jerusalem. He has banished His people from
homeland for centuries because of their rejection of Him and His
God will bring about an overwhelming return of His people in
is my position that God has sovereignly used both secular and
religious movements and people to begin
this process of
drawing Jewish people back
to the land of Israel
through the process of
immigration. God has used
such Jewish people as Nathan Birnbaum, Theodore Herzl, Chaim Weizmann, and David Ben Gurion to re-establish
the state of Israel
together with the assistance of devout Christians such as Arthur James
Balfour, David Lloyd George, General Sir
Edmund Allenby, and of nominal
Christians such as Sir Winston
Churchill. God used the Balfour
Declaration, the British Mandate
of Palestine, and the United Nations
Resolution 181 for
the Partition of
Palestine to establish the
State of Israel and recreate a
homeland for the
people of Israel, a homeland that
bequeathed to them millennia ago.
am not here to defend everything that Israel
does. But I am here to state that the land belongs to Israel.
God has given it to His chosen people. And He has begun a mighty work
drawing the Jewish people back to their perpetual homeland in
the events of the Great
Tribulation and for the subsequent return
of His Son
God is a Zionist, and because He is, so am I.