Like apples of gold in settings of silver is a word spoken in right circumstances. Proverbs 25:11

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Water Vapor Canopy. A hypothesized stratospheric umbrella of water vapor that seems to have enveloped the earth and its original atmosphere from the second day of Creation (Gen. 1:6-8) until its dissipation in the forty-day torrential rains of the Great Flood (Gen. 7:11-12). This theory was first broached in book form by Dr. Henry M. Morris and Dr. John C. Whitcomb in their book, The Genesis Flood (1961). Dr.Morris, repeated the theory in his commentary on Genesis, The Genesis Record (1976). Though there are Creation Scientists that dispute the theory, I do not see that any of them have advanced a better theory that accords both with science and with the Bible. For more information on this topic, see The Water Vapor Canopy Theory.

West Bank. A pseudonym for Samaria and Judea. "West Bank" refers to the portion of the territorial State of Israel that is presently occupied by so-called "Palestinians" who are actually living in land conquered by Jordan in 1948. These "Palestinians" were declared to be citizens of Jordan when Jordan conquered the land in 1948. This land was rightfuly re-conquered by Israel in the Six-Day War of 1967. The West Bank constitutes a large portion of ancient Judea and Samaria, which were situated on the West side of the Jordan River. It is in contrast to land on the East side of the Jordan River, which was formerly called "Transjordan" and now, simply Jordan. The bulk of the world's nations, including the United Nations, the Arabs, the Europeans, and even the United States, claim, incorrectly, that Jewish settlements in the "West Bank" and East Jerusalem constitute land illegally occupied by the Israelis. But it is all land that God has promised Israel. How can Israel wrongfully be occupying land that God has given to the nation in perpetuity (Gen. 12:1-3; 13:14-17; 15:18-20; 17:1-8, 15-19; 22:15-18; 26:2-5, 12-14; 27:27-29; 28:1-4, 13-15)? For a map of the West Bank biased in favor of the Palestinians, click here. For a  more realistic, more Biblical map, click here. For a pro-Israeli discussion and video, go to "What They Don't Want You to Know About the West Bank."


Word of God.  God’s communication to His creatures.  God speaks to humans in several ways.  God communicates His power and majesty through nature, the Natural Word of God.  God communicates His moral will through prophets, who utter the Spoken Word of God.  God communicates His moral will through the Bible, the Written Word of God.  God communicates His great love and essence through His Son, Jesus, the Living Word of God.


World. When used in an ethical sense, “world” (kósmos, 2889) appears frequently in the NT as an evil, Satanic-inspired realm which is antithetical to God, to Christ, and to followers of Jesus.  Here are some examples of "world" in that sense: 

(1) The world hates Jesus (John 7:7).

(2) Satan is the ruler of this world (John 12:31; 16:11).

(3) The world cannot give peace (John 14:27).

(4) The world hates followers of Jesus (John 15:18, 19; 17:14; 1 John 3:13).

(5) The Holy Spirit convicts the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8).

(6) The world is a source of tribulation for believers (John 16:33).

(7) Believers are not “of the world” (John 17:14, 16).

(8) The world does not know God (John 17:25).

(9) The world has its own, ungodly wisdom (1 Cor. 1:20, 21) which is foolishness to God (1 Cor. 3:19).

(10) The world will be condemned (1 Cor. 11:32).

(11) The world has a deadly sorrow (2 Cor. 7:10).

(12) The world emits an aura of darkness, crookedness, and perversity (Php. 2:15).

(13) The world has its “elementary principles” which are inimical to the values of Christ (Col. 2:8, 20).

(14) Friendship with the world is hostility toward God. Whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God (James 4:4). 

(15) The world is characterized by a corruption that provokes “lust” (meaning it emits a strong attraction) (2 Pet. 1:4).

(16) The world defiles (2 Pet. 2:20).

(17) The Christian is not to love the world or the things in the world. If he does so, the love of the Father is not in him (1 John 2:15).

(18) Everything that is in the world is characterized by the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the boastful pride of life. None of this comes from the Father (1 John 2:16).

(19) The world is temporary, passing away. So also its lusts (1 John 2:17).

(20) The world does not know believers because it never knew God (1 John 3:1).

(21) The world is characterized by deceptive false prophets and the spirit of antichrist (1 John 4:1, 3; 2 John 1:7).

(22) The One who is in the believer is greater than the one who is in the world (1 John 4:4).

(23) The world listens to its own (1 John 4:5).

(24) Whatever is born of God conquers the world by virtue of his faith (1 John 5:4, 5).

(25) The whole world lies in the power of the evil one (1 John 5:19). 

(26) The time will come when the kingdom of the world will become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, who will reign forever (Rev. 11:15).


Worship.  The act of ascribing to God the true value of His infinite worth.  Since God is infinite and his greatness is beyond comprehension, human worship must necessarily be finite.  When man worships God he stands in humility before Him and offers praise for His powerful and moral attributes.  Worship includes praise, thanksgiving, and sacrifice.  Failure to worship God is an act of human arrogance and disdain.  No worship of God can be overstated.


Wrath of God.  God’s great anger at sin and evil.  God alone understands the deadly nature of sin, defined as departure from God’s will.  The wages of sin is death, which in its deadliest state is eternal separation from God.  God created man in His own likeness and image in order to have eternal fellowship with him.  Sin utterly degrades man’s ability to have any fellowship with God whatever, for God is utterly holy.  Consequently God exhibits fierce and settled anger at sin because it is a relentless carcinogen on man’s soul and body.  In God’s love He has provided in Jesus redemption for man from the pathology of sin and death.  When man rejects God’s only provision for redemption, ultimately man suffers the wrath of God.

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Updated November 25, 2018